Effective cough tablets for bronchitis

The most effective medications for bronchitis

Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi. The bronchi are an important part of the respiratory system. They connect the trachea to the lung tissue and allow the blood to be saturated with oxygen.

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When they become inflamed, the respiratory function of the body is disrupted, and mucus begins to accumulate in the bronchial tubes. This disease has acute and chronic forms. It is advisable to start treatment from the first signs of bronchitis.

Bronchitis: causes and signs

Bronchitis is a common disease, the symptom of which is inflammation of the bronchial mucosa

The causes of bronchitis can be various bacterial and viral infections. Often bronchitis occurs against the background of other diseases as a complication (influenza, ARVI, sinusitis, rhinitis). The acute form of bronchitis is most often of an infectious nature; the development of chronic bronchitis requires prolonged exposure to negative factors, such as tobacco smoke, harmful vapors and gases, and dust.

Medicines for bronchitis are prescribed depending on the form and stage of the disease. In the acute form, treatment is aimed at destroying the pathogen, and in the chronic form, it is aimed at removing sputum. Chronic bronchitis is often called “smoker's bronchitis”, as it occurs with prolonged smoking. Over time, a smoker's bronchitis can worsen, leading to collapse of the alveoli and the development of emphysema.

The acute form can become chronic if there is improper or no treatment.

Chronic bronchitis is characterized by frequent relapses. Coughing attacks can last for several months.

You can learn more about how to treat bronchitis at home from the video:

The signs of bronchitis in the initial stages can easily be confused with a common viral infection. Often, additional examination and chest x-ray are required to make a diagnosis. Main symptoms:

  1. Cough and sore throat. Both bronchitis and a common cold can begin with such symptoms. With bronchitis, the cough is usually dry at first, and the sputum begins to come out later.
  2. Heat. The temperature rises with infectious bronchitis. If it is accompanied by yellow or greenish sputum, a bacterial infection may be suspected.
  3. Weakness, general malaise. Bronchitis is often read with these symptoms. The patient feels weakness, drowsiness, lightheadedness, and quickly gets tired.
  4. Dyspnea. Often shortness of breath and difficulty breathing occur with infectious and allergic bronchitis, as well as smoker’s bronchitis.
  5. Wheezing in the chest. During the examination, the doctor should listen to the patient's breathing. Breathing is usually difficult, harsh, and wheezing can be heard.

The best medications and antibiotics

Bronchitis can have several varieties, each of which requires its own treatment

Drug treatment of bronchitis is aimed at removing mucus from the bronchi, normalizing respiratory function, relieving inflammation and destroying pathogens. The medications must be prescribed by a doctor after examination.

Since infectious bronchitis with discharge of purulent sputum is treated with antibiotics, smoker's bronchitis - bronchodilators and mucolytics:

  • Antibiotics. Antibiotics are prescribed only for bacterial bronchitis, the signs of which are high fever for a long time, severe cough with greenish sputum. Antibiotics are taken to the end of the course. An interrupted course may lead to relapse of the disease. Most often, Amoxiclav, Erythromycin, Amoxicillin, Ciprofloxacin are prescribed for bronchitis. The drugs have a number of side effects and are prescribed only after consulting a doctor.
  • Mucolytics. Mucolytic drugs thin and remove mucus from the bronchi. Sputum, accumulating in the bronchial tubes, creates a favorable environment for the proliferation of microbes. Mucolytics (Bromhexine, Lazolvan, Ambroxol, Fluditec) thin thick sputum and increase the motility of the pulmonary muscles, as a result of which sputum is pushed out of the bronchi.
  • Bronchodilators. These are drugs that relieve bronchospasm, expand the lumen of the bronchi and relieve shortness of breath. These products also help remove phlegm and relieve cough. These include Teofedrine, Berodual, Salbutamol. As a rule, these drugs are prescribed for severe bronchitis with shortness of breath.
  • Antitussives. Cough suppressants help relieve cough syndrome. They are prescribed only in the absence of sputum in the bronchi. They cannot be taken simultaneously with mucolytics, since the production of sputum will increase and it will linger in the bronchi, causing inflammation. Such drugs include Sinekod, Codelac, Stoptussin. They block cough receptors in the brain and relieve attacks of dry cough.

Medicines for inhalation with a nebulizer

It is not recommended to inhale with a nebulizer at elevated body temperatures

For bronchitis, inhalation with a nebulizer is very effective. During such inhalations, drugs penetrate deep into the bronchi, bypassing the stomach and not entering the blood. The effectiveness of the drugs in this case increases several times.

A nebulizer should be used for chronic or acute bronchitis, when the period of exacerbation has already passed.

Inhalations should be carried out 1-2 times daily for 5-10 days to consolidate the effect. The duration of the procedure is no more than 10 minutes for adults and no more than 5 minutes for children. If inhalation is performed on a small child, it is important that he is calm. If you scream and cry, the procedure will not be useful.

For bronchitis, inhalation medications are often used; any medications must first be dissolved in saline.

The dosage of the drug is determined by the doctor depending on the age and condition of the patient:

  • Lazolvan. A very effective mucolytic agent. It helps remove mucus from the bronchi. A dry cough after such inhalations becomes moist and may intensify, so you should not expect an antitussive effect. Lazolvan helps clear the bronchi of viscous mucus and relieve inflammation. This drug should not be used simultaneously with antitussives.
  • Berodual. An effective bronchodilator with a minimum of side effects. It expands the lumen of the lungs, relieves attacks of shortness of breath, relieves painful attacks of dry cough, and prevents bronchial obstruction.
  • Fluimucil. A drug for liquefying and removing mucus from the bronchi with an anti-inflammatory effect. This drug should not be used at the same time as cough suppressants.
  • Tonsilgon. Homeopathic medicine widely used for inhalation. It contains various plant extracts: marshmallow, chamomile, horsetail, walnut leaves, etc. The drug has an anti-inflammatory effect and is often prescribed as an additional therapy.

Bronchitis during pregnancy: what medications can you take?

The doctor selects the drug based on the woman’s condition and stage of pregnancy

During pregnancy, a woman's body experiences hormonal changes, as a result of which immunity is significantly reduced. A woman becomes especially vulnerable during colds.

It is bronchitis that pregnant women most often suffer from during the cold season. Any infection that enters the body can be complicated by inflammation of the bronchi. Pregnant women, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, are not recommended to take medications. Doctors try to avoid treatment with antibiotics during pregnancy, but this is not always possible. If the cause of bronchitis is a bronchial infection, then the infection itself poses more danger to the fetus than an antibiotic.

Most often, penicillin drugs are prescribed, as they are most effective for bronchitis: Ampicillin, Amoxicillin, Flemoxin Solutab. These drugs are allowed during pregnancy, taking into account the balance of benefit and risk for the child. Their effect on the fetus is minimal.

From the third trimester of pregnancy, the list of acceptable drugs expands.

Antibacterial drugs such as Bioparox, Sumamed may be prescribed. Among expectorant drugs, Ambroxol, Mucaltin, Sinupret are allowed. Codeine is prohibited during pregnancy due to its toxic effects on the fetus.

Pregnant women can undergo inhalation. Inhalations with saline and mineral water without the addition of drugs are considered safe. They help remove phlegm, relieve an attack of dry cough, moisturize and cleanse the mucous membrane. If drugs are added to saline solution, their dosage should be determined by a doctor. Traditional medicine cannot be considered absolutely safe during pregnancy. Even chamomile and honey can cause an allergic reaction. Before using any product, you should consult your doctor.

Danger signs, possible complications and prevention

Bronchitis itself is a serious disease. The acute form of bronchitis can become chronic. Alarming symptoms include a prolonged increase in body temperature, the appearance of blood and pus in the sputum, chest pain, shortness of breath and asthma attacks.

Complications of bronchitis can be caused by improper treatment or lack thereof, the presence of other serious diseases, a weakened immune system, and bad habits (active and passive smoking).

The most common complications of bronchitis are the following diseases.

  • Pneumonia. Pneumonia is most often caused by an acute form of bronchitis. With pneumonia, the lung tissue and alveoli become inflamed. This disease is accompanied by fever, weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath, cough, and chest pain. Pneumonia can lead to even more serious consequences (lung abscess, pleurisy).
  • Obstructive pulmonary disease. With this disease, the respiratory capacity of the lungs is significantly reduced due to inflammation of the lung tissue. Typically, this disease is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema. With obstructive pulmonary disease, severe shortness of breath, cough, and chest pain are observed.
  • Emphysema. With this disease, the alveoli of the lungs collapse and lose their ability to saturate the blood with oxygen, resulting in impaired gas exchange. The main symptom of emphysema is severe shortness of breath. If the disease progresses, it can lead to respiratory and heart failure.
  • Pulmonary hypertension. This concept refers to a number of diseases that lead to increased pressure in the pulmonary artery. The danger of the disease lies in the fact that the load on the right ventricle of the heart increases significantly, which leads to heart failure.

The best prevention of bronchitis is quitting smoking, proper nutrition and maintaining normal immunity, sufficient physical activity and timely treatment of infectious diseases.

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Comments (5)

02/01/2017 at 21:19 | #

I haven’t taken antibiotics for bronchitis for a long time, and, in fact, I haven’t had bronchitis for a long time either. The ENT specialist said that the cough should be treated from the first day, then there will be no complications. I immediately take out a bottle of Prospan syrup and literally on the third day there is phlegm, the cough becomes wet. Within a few days the cough completely goes away. And without complications!


04.09.2017 at 13:32 | #

I agree that you need to treat as soon as you feel unwell, chronic bronchitis can worsen with the slightest cold, then treatment is delayed and the disease is difficult to cope with without antibiotics.


03/10/2017 at 09:42 | #

She just came from the doctor, listened to me, said that I was being treated correctly, everything was already much better. And I slept with the syrup for four days, and these squelches in the lungs finally began to go out in the form of mucus. I'll complete the course.

11/21/2017 at 10:43 pm | #

I also try not to end up with antibiotics and suppress the disease at the very beginning. Expectorant procedures and medications help me with this. I breathe over hot mineral water and drink Prospan effervescent tablets, then the mucus is actively coughed up and the cough decreases.

02/26/2018 at 08:01 | #

Educational article. Half a year ago, my eldest son suffered from bronchitis. For treatment, we were prescribed antibiotics and Bronchobos syrup to relieve cough. The pediatrician said that this drug also enhances the effects of antibiotics, so that recovery will come faster.

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What medications are taken for bronchitis: list

A hysterical, dry cough is the initial stage of bronchitis. A wet, heavy cough with sputum is its next stage. A persistent cough for a long time and greenish sputum are possible signs of pneumonia.

To prevent complications, at the first symptoms of bronchitis it is necessary to begin treatment with certain medications. Medicines for bronchitis are widely represented in pharmaceutical outlets, and new drugs appear on the shelves every day.

Moreover, it is worth considering that each drug has its own direction and each has an individual method of use. In this article we will look at how to treat bronchitis in adults with medications, and what drugs are used for this.

Cough medicines for bronchitis

In adults, the main medications in the fight against bronchitis are, of course, cough medications that act directly on the bronchi, sputum and cough center. They are usually called expectorants, that is, those that help to quickly remove mucus that has accumulated on the walls of the bronchi.

Expectorants include:

  1. Pectolvan, Plantain syrup, Alteyka, Prospan, Pertussin, Mukaltin;
  2. Lazolvan, Bromhexidine, Flavamed;
  3. ACC (acetylcysteine).

Antitussive medications are prescribed at the first stage of the disease in order to stop an annoying dry cough. If the cough has already become wet, then these remedies are not indicated.

Combined cough medications. They contain substances that suppress the cough center, have an anti-inflammatory effect, and stimulate the activity of the respiratory system.

It is worth knowing that expectorant and antitussive drugs are in no case prescribed simultaneously: this combination is very dangerous for human life, since it leads to the accumulation of a large amount of sputum in the lungs, and as a result, the form of bronchitis turns into total pneumonia. Read also how to choose cough syrup.

Antibiotics for bronchitis

Antibiotics of this series act destructively on the walls of bacteria, their action is directed only at harmful microorganisms, while there is no harm to the body as a whole.

They block the proliferation of microbes by disrupting protein production in cells.

Broad-spectrum antibiotics that cope well with microorganisms resistant to penicillin.

Antibiotics for bronchitis are broad-spectrum; their frequent use leads to disruption of the gastrointestinal tract and provokes dysbacteriosis.

Are antibiotics needed to treat bronchitis?

Since in most cases the causative agents of bronchitis are viruses, there is no point in taking antibiotics. However, if within 5 days the temperature does not decrease, severe weakness and fatigue persist, shortness of breath appears, sputum becomes green and profuse, and a blood test reveals signs of a bacterial infection, then their prescription cannot be avoided.

Broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs are preferred: cephalosporins, protected penicillins, macrolides.

Are antiviral drugs needed to treat bronchitis?

If bronchitis occurs against the background of influenza, then antiviral drugs can be used for therapy. Interferon preparations can be used intranasally, that is, instilled into the nose for both children and adults.

Popular antiviral drugs, which are mainly intended for adults, include:

The use of other antiviral drugs for acute respiratory viral infections and influenza is today widely advertised and recommended, however, there are no convincing studies and evidence of their effect and safety, so the decision to use them is a personal matter. Moreover, if more than 2 days have passed since the onset of the disease, there is no point in starting to take them, there is no need to expect an effect.


Treatment of cough due to bronchitis using a nebulizer is also very effective. The peculiarity of this treatment method is that the nebulizer converts the medicinal substance into an easily digestible aerosol.

Medicines can be completely different - herbal medicines, antibiotics, bronchodilators and mucolytics. A nebulizer is used not only for treatment, but also for the prevention of bronchitis.

Regimen for bronchitis

You should follow a predominantly plant-based - cereal, dairy diet; during illness, the body especially needs vitamins, it is better if these are natural vitamins - fruits and vegetables.

At the very beginning of the disease, it is simply necessary to remain in bed for 2-3 days, then you can remain in semi-bed rest for another 3-4 days, when it becomes easier, the temperature is normal, you can go out and take small walks in the fresh air, preferably in the park, and not along the highway.

Breathing exercises

At home you can perform the following breathing exercises:

  1. Stand upright. Take a deep breath and spread your arms out to the sides. As you exhale, return to the starting position. Number of repetitions – 15-20;
  2. In a vertical position, while inhaling, raise your arms up above your head. As you exhale, take the starting position. Number of repetitions – 20-30;
  3. Rotate your chest as you inhale, first in one direction and then in the other. As you exhale, return to your original state.

The above exercises help avoid bronchospasm - narrowing of the lumen of the bronchi. However, they do not get rid of the cause of the disease.

Good to know:

We recommend reading:

Chronic bronchitis in adults: symptoms and treatment regimen

What antibiotics to take for bronchitis in adults?

Obstructive bronchitis in children

ARVI - symptoms and treatment

Bronchitis in adults - symptoms and treatment at home


It's amazing how quickly the antibiotic works. I didn’t feel well: I coughed, but not much, my temperature always stayed at 37. I went to see a doctor. He diagnosed bronchitis. Prescribed Azitral. After 3 days, the temperature became normal and the cough disappeared.

I try not to overuse antibiotics. In addition, my cough is often viral. I’m waiting for the body to fight the virus itself and undergo symptomatic treatment. I rinse my throat, wash my nose, take an expectorant for coughs, and drink Prospan syrup. The sputum disappears and the cough stops.

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Effective cough medications for bronchitis

Bronchitis is an inflammatory disease of the respiratory system caused by infectious or non-infectious irritants. To understand what you can drink for a cough with bronchitis, you first need to correctly determine the nature of the disease and the provoking factor. After an accurately established diagnosis, you can select medications that are best suited to relieve cough and restore respiratory functions.

How to choose a medicine or how to treat a cough with bronchitis

To determine how to treat a cough with bronchitis, you need to undergo a full examination by a doctor and establish the nature and causes of the disease.

Treatment is carried out using drug therapy, folk cough remedies or breathing exercises.

When treating bronchitis caused by a viral infection, the use of antibiotics or strong medications can be avoided.

In such a situation, it is recommended to use traditional medicine and breathing exercises. They will help relieve inflammation, improve expectoration, and restore respiratory function without chemical effects on the body.

If a disease associated with a bacterial infection occurs, a course of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and other drugs that help provide an accelerated therapeutic effect is administered.

Correctly determining the treatment method will help speed up the healing process.

Drug therapy

Treatment with medications is most effective and helps to get rid of bronchial cough in the shortest possible time. To make the healing process as comfortable and suitable for everyone as possible, you can use one of many treatment options.

Treatment of the inflammatory process of the respiratory system occurs through the use of:

  • Siropov;
  • Tablets;
  • Expectorants;
  • Antiviral drugs;
  • Mucolytic drugs;
  • Bronchodilators;
  • Antibiotics.

To choose the right medicine, you need to know the exact diagnosis, causes and nature of the disease.


One of the most used medicines to treat cough is syrup. The use of cough syrup for bronchitis based on herbal ingredients helps relieve inflammation and reduce the thickness of sputum. This effect helps to get rid of coughing attacks and, in most cases, cure the disease.

To determine which syrups help cough with bronchitis, you need to know the cause and stage of the disease.

Syrups are used to relieve symptoms of the disease:

  • Lazolvan. Children's cough syrup, which helps thin mucus and relieve inflammation in the respiratory system. Strengthening and restorative properties allow Lazolvan to quickly and effectively relieve the symptoms of bronchitis. The medication is used according to dosage, taking into account a number of contraindications specified in the detailed instructions for the drug.
  • Licorice root syrup. An effective phlegm remover. The drug is used to treat cough in adults and children. The advantages are low cost, few contraindications and side effects, and good therapeutic effect. The syrup is prescribed in combination with anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Primrose syrup. An expectorant for the treatment of cough in adults. Natural ingredients and the absence of toxic effects cause virtually no negative effects, and the list of contraindications is quite small. This medicine is recommended for use at the first symptoms of bronchial cough. The effect will begin to appear after 2-3 days of treatment.

Important! The use of antitussive syrups should be combined with plenty of fluids to drink and regular monitoring of body temperature.

Syrups remove mucus and in most cases relieve inflammation. Their use is recommended in conjunction with other medications or folk remedies to speed up the healing process.


The use of cough tablets for bronchitis is characterized by low cost, high efficiency, and balanced components.

Popular medications in tablet form are:

  • Ambrobene. The tablets help eliminate dry cough due to bronchitis. The composition includes a substance - ambrohexal, which accelerates the effect on the body and also has a therapeutic effect within 5 minutes. It is used in the acute and chronic stages of bronchitis.
  • Libexin. A universal remedy with anti-inflammatory, anesthetic, antispasmodic effect. The composition contains a special substance - prenoxdiazine hydrochloride, which suppresses the susceptibility of the nerve fibers of the respiratory tract to inflammatory processes. The medicine does not cause dependence or addiction, which allows it to be prescribed to patients in most cases when a cough occurs.
  • Stoptussin. A remedy is prescribed for bronchitis in adults. It affects receptors, sensitivity to irritations, relieves spasms, and promotes expectoration. Despite the positive aspects, the drug has a number of side effects: headache, nausea, diarrhea, dizziness.

All types of tablets presented are effective treatments for coughs due to bronchitis, which, in addition to their main functions, help to liquefy mucus and remove it from the body.


Expectorants used for coughs in bronchitis are needed to remove mucus from the body, as well as normalize respiratory capabilities.

The main expectorants used are:

  • Acetylcysteine. Available in the form of tablets, syrups, powders. It is used for acute bronchitis to relieve associated symptoms.
  • Bromhexine. Tablets that help relieve coughing by removing mucus. Drops are created on the basis of essential anise and fennel oils, because... Anise oil is a good antiseptic.
  • Ambroxol. Prescribed when a cough occurs with mucus that is difficult to remove. Promotes mucus thinning and expectoration.

Antiviral drugs

The immune system is able to cope with viruses itself and provide protection to the body. When treating bronchitis, people with weakened immune systems or older people are prescribed a course of antiviral medications in combination with cough medications.

The main medications prescribed for infectious bronchitis are:

These drugs block the virus from multiplying and increase the activity of the immune system.

Mucolytic drugs

Mucolytic medications are designed to thin mucus. Used in case of difficult-to-clear, thick mucus in the patient’s respiratory tract.

Good treatments are:

  • Codelac Broncho with thyme. A mucolytic containing Ambroxol, thyme extract, sodium glycyrrhizinate. Used to treat children and adults. Relieves inflammation, anesthetizes local areas of the respiratory tract, and promotes the removal of mucus.
  • Askoril expektorant. The base includes Bromhexine, Racementol, Salbutamol. These components in combination have a powerful therapeutic effect, which allows you to get rid of the symptoms of bronchitis in the shortest possible time.

Mucolytic drugs are similar in principle to expectorants.


Bronchodilators help relieve spasms, suffocation, and shortness of breath. The principle of action of bronchodilators is to relieve muscle tension in the throat, thereby getting rid of spasms.

Bronchodilators come in four main types:

The type of drug is selected by the doctor for each individual, in accordance with the form of the disease. The main method of using bronchodilators for the treatment of bronchial cough is inhalation. However, they are also available in tablet form, aerosols, powders, and solutions. Inhalation is most effective, as it has a therapeutic effect minutes after use.


Antibiotics are a great remedy for solving problems with respiratory tract inflammation. The most popular antibiotics are tablets.

The use of antibiotics is permitted only after direct prescription by a doctor. The pulmonologist will determine the required group of medications in accordance with the reaction of the body's microflora to the drug, age, and the nature of the disease.

Video: antibiotics for coughing during bronchitis

Antibiotics are a remedy that treats a severe cough due to bronchitis in the shortest possible time.

Folk remedies

The use of traditional medicine and physiotherapy allows you to get rid of cough at any stage. Among folk expectorants you can find a large number of recipes. One such treatment is black radish with honey.

The medicine recipe is quite simple. It is necessary to cut off the top of the radish and make a small indentation. 2-3 tablespoons of honey are placed in the cut hole and covered with the cut part of the radish. Within 5 hours the radish will begin to produce juice. The resulting mixture is drunk 3 times a day and helps to get rid of a lingering severe cough.

Video: black radish with cough honey

In addition to folk recipes, physiotherapy is used - massage and breathing exercises.

Percussion and drainage massages can relieve wet coughs by quickly and effectively removing phlegm from the body.

For breathing exercises, Strelnikova or Bodyflex techniques are used. Such exercises help not only normalize breathing, but also metabolism. It is recommended to do gymnastics in the morning.


Video about what bronchitis is.

For bronchial cough, the best treatment is selected individually depending on the degree and form of the disease. To be sure of the right choice of medication for bronchitis, you need to consult with a pulmonologist, who will competently draw up a plan and recommend the type and method of further treatment.

Source: https://mykashel.ru/preparaty/primenenie-lekarstv/pri-bronhite.html

What medications for the treatment of chronic bronchitis in adults will definitely help?

Medicine has long learned to cope with chronic bronchitis; drugs for its treatment can be found in any pharmacy. But the wide choice of means leads to confusion.

How not to get confused about medications and choose the right ones? Before purchasing medications, it is worth learning about the characteristics of the disease.

Nuances of the disease

Chronic bronchitis is a sluggish inflammation of the bronchi, accompanied by a painful cough with sputum, sometimes fever and breathing problems.

The cause of cough is copious sputum, which is formed due to damage to the bronchi. Abundant mucus clogs the lumens, causing the desire to cough.

With chronic bronchitis, people become so accustomed to coughing that they do not pay attention to the inconvenience. And the additional symptoms that arise are classified as mild colds.

And they make a big mistake. If you do not treat chronic bronchitis and do not take appropriate medications, the disease provokes dangerous complications, including pneumonia and complete blockage of the respiratory tract.

Diagnosing the disease

A therapist or pulmonologist can make an accurate diagnosis. Previously, the patient is observed by a specialist for about 2 years. This period is necessary because chronic bronchitis is similar to asthma, which is treated with other drugs. To confirm the diagnosis, the following studies are performed:

Accurate diagnosis is important; examination results help to identify the pathogen and correctly select the appropriate drugs for the treatment of chronic bronchitis.

What medications treat chronic bronchitis

People often ask how to treat chronic bronchitis in adults with medications? Next we will answer this question.

Therapy is carried out in individual courses. The doctor prescribes medications for chronic bronchitis in adults, focusing on the type of disease:

Simple. This pathology is characterized by disturbances in the functioning of the lungs and profuse sputum. For treatment, antiviral, expectorant, antitussive and antimicrobial drugs are prescribed.

Obstructive. Such bronchitis is manifested by pronounced breathing problems, shortness of breath and purulent sputum. During treatment, doctors prescribe a course of antibiotics, expectorants, bronchodilators, and mucolytics.

The list expands significantly if complications are detected in obstructive chronic bronchitis (cor pulmonale, hypercapnia, hypoxemia).

Purulent. The pathology manifests itself as a change in expectorant sputum (it becomes purulent, acquires a yellowish-green tint and an unpleasant odor). Properly selected antibiotics, mucolytics and expectorants for chronic bronchitis can cope with purulent chronic bronchitis.

The power of antibiotics

Antibacterial drugs are available in abundance in any pharmacy; some frivolous citizens, trying to independently treat chronic bronchitis, take inappropriate drugs, aggravating the situation.

  1. Elderly (over 55 years old). In older people, the immune system is weakened and is unable to cope with harmful microorganisms on its own.
  2. A sharp deterioration in health. If, after a course of treatment for bronchitis (after 5-7 days), the patient’s condition suddenly worsens: purulent streaks appear in the sputum, the temperature rises. These are signs of a bacterial infection that can be treated with antibiotics.
  3. Diagnosis of chronic bronchitis of purulent and obstructive type. Pathologies of this type are caused by bacteria that can only be treated with antibacterial drugs.

Drug treatment of chronic bronchitis

Drugs for the treatment of chronic bronchitis in adults:

Penicillins. The oldest antibacterial drugs with a wide spectrum of effects.

They are good because they have almost no contraindications and can be used by pregnant women and young children.

But drugs of this series are not particularly helpful in the treatment of chronic bronchitis in severe, advanced form.

Effective penicillin antibiotics include: Amoxicillin, Panclave, Ampicillin, Benzylpenicillin, Oxacillin, Amoxicillin, Flemoxin, Augmentin.

Cephalosporins. The latest generation of drugs that effectively cope with even the most severe cases of chronic bronchitis. These drugs are most often introduced into the body by injection. Cephalosporins rarely cause allergies; they are prescribed to children and expectant mothers.

Most often, doctors recommend: Cefadroxil, Ceftriaxone, Cephalexin, Cefixime, Levofloxacin.

Macrolides. “Long-lasting” drugs in their effects, but are considered one of the most effective. The “slowness” of macrolides is explained by their gradual effect on bacteria. These antibiotics do not destroy microorganisms, but inhibit their development.

The best drugs in this series include: Erythromycin, Spiramycin, Clarithromycin, Roxithromycin, Azithromycin, Josamycin.

Fluoroquinolones. Such drugs are most often used by doctors to treat chronic bronchitis, but only in adults. The effect of fluoroquinolones is localized, they act directly on the affected areas and do not cause collateral harm to the body.

Well-known drugs in this series include: Lefloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Sparfloxacin, Norfloxacin, Ofloxacin, Pefloxacin.

Action of bronchodilators

Bronchodilator drugs are prescribed for the treatment of chronic bronchitis in cases where the bronchi are not able to independently free themselves from accumulated sputum.

Bronchodilators relax the bronchial muscles and free up oxygen.

Also, drugs of this type stop the excessive formation of sputum and help the bronchi get rid of pathogenic mucus, while simultaneously relieving inflammatory processes in the mucous membrane. Most bronchodilators are available in aerosol form.

More often, doctors recommend the following drugs: Neophylline, Beroudal, Salbutamol, Seretide, Fluticasone, Berotec, Symbicort.

The work of mucolytics

In the treatment of painful cough in chronic bronchitis, mucolytic drugs become an important part of therapy.

They help thin and remove mucus from the bronchi without increasing its amount. Taking mucolytics requires a careful approach; they should not be used in the following cases:

  1. trying to cure a dry cough without sputum production;
  2. with the simultaneous use of antitussive drugs, this leads to complete blockage of the bronchi with mucus.

Medicines for chronic bronchitis in adults:

Doctors often prescribe mucolytics for the treatment of chronic bronchitis based on:

  1. Acetylcysteine: ACC, Mukobene, Fluimucil, Acestine, Mucomist, Muconex. These medications have antioxidant effects and are good at thinning mucus.
  2. Ambroxol: Lazolvan, Halixol, Ambrohexal, Medox, Bronchoval, Mucobron, Deflegmin. In addition to the expectorant, mucolytic effect, such drugs stimulate the bronchi to actively produce a special substance that does not allow the alveoli and small bronchi to stick together.
  3. Bromhexine: Bromhexine, Solvin. Drugs that stop the cough reflex, reduce the viscosity of mucus and effectively eliminate phlegm from the bronchi.
  4. Carbocisteine: Mucodin, Libexin Muco, Fluifort, Carbocisteine. In addition to the mucolytic effect, these drugs have anti-inflammatory and regenerative effects.
  5. Based on healing herbs and plants: Tussin, Bronchicum, Linkas, Mucaltin, Prospan, Sinupret, Licorice and Althea root syrups. Under the influence of these drugs, sputum becomes less viscous, and the process of its evacuation from the body proceeds faster.

When to use

When treating chronic bronchitis, an important task that doctors face is to stop the cough.

In the world of pharmaceuticals, many drugs in tablet form have been created for the treatment of cough. Cough tablets for chronic bronchitis can be divided into three types:

  1. Expectorants: Mucaltin, Flavamed, ACC, Pectolvan, Pertussin, Bromhexine, Alteyka and plantain syrups, Lazolvan also helps a lot with chronic bronchitis. Drugs that act directly on the cough center, sputum formation and bronchial function. These medications help remove mucus from the walls of the bronchi more quickly.
  2. Antitussives: Stoptussin, Paxeladin, Bronholitin. The drugs are prescribed in case of a dry, non-productive cough. Medicines relieve the unpleasant symptoms that accompany painful coughing attacks.
  3. Combined: Herbion, Bronchicum, Sinekod, Codelac Phyto, Bronholitin. Preparations containing special active substances that suppress the functioning of the cough center. At the same time, combined medications relieve inflammation in the bronchi and increase the activity of the respiratory system.

An effective remedy for chronic bronchitis in adults - inhalation

Treatment of chronic bronchitis is complex. One of the directions of therapy is inhalation. Such procedures are very effective, because the active drug directly affects the affected area of ​​the organs.

Inhalations for chronic bronchitis at home can be carried out in different ways. They are divided into the following types:

Steam. Together with the steam, active healing drugs penetrate the bronchi, providing a regenerating and anti-inflammatory effect. To carry out the procedure, you should bring the selected product to a boil, place it in a container and breathe in the healing steam for 3-5 minutes.

  • vegetable oils of camphor, olive, sea buckthorn or peach;
  • medicinal herbs with an expectorant effect: coltsfoot, elderberry, sage, raspberry, mint, linden blossom, oregano;
  • essential oils of cinnamon, thyme, lemongrass, eucalyptus, rosemary, tea tree, eucalyptus, cloves, lavender, ginger, immortelle.

Heat-moist. This type of therapy works in two directions: it reduces excessive dryness, softens the mucous membrane, thins and removes mucus from the bronchi.

For such an event, antibiotics, alkalis, mineral waters, soda, hormones and sulfonamides are used.

For each procedure, a ml of the drug is taken, inhalation lasts 8-10 minutes.

From folk remedies you can use sage leaves, eucalyptus leaves or chamomile flowers. To prepare a healing solution for inhalation, 20 g of a dry plant is steamed with ½ liter of boiling water.

Wet. This type of treatment is carried out using aerosol spray. Wet inhalation is effective for the treatment of chronic bronchitis of any type.

When sprayed, active drugs penetrate deep into the inflamed organs and alveoli, providing a healing effect.

For the procedure, bronchodilators, antibiotics, mucolytics and immunomodulators are used. Wet inhalation is best performed using nebulizer inhalers.

Dry. The technique is based on the use of inhalation of dry vapors of bioactive agents. To carry out the healing procedure, any suitable kitchen utensils (saucepan, teapot, bowl) are used.

The most effective means for steam inhalation are grated onions, garlic, buds of coniferous trees, and aromatic oils. Fold the gauze or bandage 3-4 times and generously lubricate the fabric with the chosen product. Place the fabric in a container. The patient should breathe for minutes.

What traditional medicine advises

Healing prescriptions are useful only in case of prior consultation with the attending physician. Treatment of chronic bronchitis at home with traditional medicine can be divided into the following types:

  1. Infusions and decoctions of medicinal herbs and plants.
  2. Warming ointments. In preparing homemade rubs, animal fat, honey, wax, and propolis are used.
  3. Compresses. Warming procedures are carried out using animal fat, honey, boiled potatoes and cabbage leaves, oil, and alcohol.
  4. Medicines taken orally. They are prepared from lard, animal fat, Aloe, radish, honey, milk, butter, lemon, onion, and breast herbal preparations.

How children are treated

Children's treatment of chronic bronchitis is aimed at eliminating the inflammatory process, improving the functioning of the bronchi and restoring the baby's immunity. First of all, the symptoms of exacerbation of chronic bronchitis are relieved.

The pediatrician develops an individual course of therapy including antibiotics, mucolytic and expectorant drugs. The child is also prescribed physiotherapy: massage, exercise therapy, breathing exercises, inhalations.

In the treatment of chronic bronchitis in adults and children, importance is given not only to medications, but also to preventive measures

Preventive actions

To avoid and prevent the development of relapses of chronic bronchitis, you should eliminate all irritating factors that lead to exacerbation of the disease: smoking, house dust, polluted air.

The main preventive measures include the following:

  • playing sports;
  • healthy eating;
  • daily walks;
  • hardening of the body;
  • preventing hypothermia of the body;
  • timely vaccination during epidemics;
  • use of personal protection when working in hazardous industries;

Remember, any disease is easier to prevent than to treat. And if you engage in therapy, then only with the help of a doctor, with well-chosen drugs. Only in this case will chronic bronchitis disappear forever.

Video on chronic bronchitis

Doctors will tell you how to properly treat chronic bronchitis.

Source: https://bronhit.guru/vidy/hronicheskij/preparaty.html

Medicines for bronchitis and cough

Treatment of bronchitis with cough syrups

It is known that bronchitis without cough occurs extremely rarely, because this is one of the main signs of the development of this inflammatory disease. The choice of drug depends on the stage of the disease, its symptoms, the patient’s condition and the nature of the inflammatory process in the bronchi.

Manifestation of the disease

Cough during bronchitis can be very diverse, so it is sometimes very difficult to determine the development of the disease based on this symptom alone. As a rule, in the early stages the cough is loud and chesty; when it occurs, a person is bothered by pain in the chest. During this period, there is a slight formation of sputum, so during coughing attacks, throat irritation may occur.

Gradually, this sign of the disease changes, from dry to wet, as a fairly large amount of mucus begins to be produced. Sometimes this type of cough is observed in the early stages of the development of the disease, usually this occurs in the presence of any complications caused by bronchitis. Coughing with blood often occurs with complicated bronchitis, in which case the patient needs an in-depth examination of the bronchi and other organs of the respiratory system.

How to choose a medicine?

There are a large number of cough medicines for bronchitis, but not all of them are effective. This is explained by the fact that many patients independently choose a cough medicine for bronchitis, which is strictly forbidden. First of all, the type of cough must be taken into account, as well as the stage of development of the disease. In addition, it is important when choosing

In most cases, the factor that provokes the development of acute bronchitis is the penetration of viruses and infections into the respiratory tract. In the case of a viral or infectious origin of the disease, there cannot be bronchitis without a cough, and it is accompanied by the release of mucous or purulent-mucous sputum.

Against the background of an exacerbation, which mainly occurs in the absence of timely and appropriate treatment, one can see the development of coughing with blood during bronchitis.

How long a cough with bronchitis can last depends on the stage of progression of the inflammatory process and the effectiveness of its treatment. In the acute form of the disease, the following symptoms are observed:

These signs may bother a person for 10 days, but often the cough itself after bronchitis does not go away for quite a long time. Severe and prolonged coughing attacks that do not go away even after complex treatment with effective drugs may indicate a serious development of the pathological process and the movement of infection from the bronchial tree to the alveoli. In this situation, the development of bronchopneumonia becomes inevitable - a serious disease that cannot be eliminated with anti-inflammatory and expectorant drugs alone; treatment will require the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Use of syrup for illness

At the initial stage of development of the inflammatory process in the bronchi, treatment can proceed quickly and without complications. As a rule, expectorant anti-inflammatory cough syrup for bronchitis helps patients with this. The action of the product is aimed at removing foreign particles, sputum, bacteria and viruses from the bronchi. The drug also normalizes the functions of the lower respiratory tract, helps reduce spasm and inflammation of the mucous membranes.

To treat bronchitis, it is better to buy syrups of plant origin, these include the following medicines:

Children can drink such syrups even after recovery, because many parents know that a child’s residual cough after bronchitis can last for weeks.

Often, for a dry cough that bothers a person at the initial stage of development of bronchitis, experts prescribe plantain-based syrup. It turns a dry cough into a wet one, promotes the removal of sputum, thereby easing the patient’s condition. The disadvantage of the drug is that it is not suitable for treating children under 2 years of age.

Cough treatment for bronchitis can also be done with an old proven herbal remedy made from licorice root. It is used more as an additional treatment method than a powerful drug, since it has a fairly mild effect on the bronchi and lungs. The dosage can be increased to enhance the effect with minimal side effects. Licorice root syrup does not have a toxic effect on the liver and kidneys. However, in case of severe pathologies, the drug is not effective; when using it, a cough after bronchitis may continue for some time.

“Bronhollitin” combined natural plant components and chemicals, so it is mainly prescribed to adults. The product is made on the basis of basil oil and glaucine, it acts on the patient’s body quickly and effectively, but you should be aware that it can cause many side effects. The medicine has a decongestant, soothing, thinning effect, and after taking it, the lumen of the respiratory tract expands, resulting in easier breathing. It is worth knowing what type of bronchitis cough can be cured with Bronhollitin, because sometimes it can be harmful. It is prescribed for wet coughs; in addition, the product is endowed with minor antibacterial properties. This is a very powerful medicine, so when it is used after bronchitis, the cough no longer bothers a person.

If the disease is caused by infection entering the respiratory tract, treatment cannot be done without antibiotics. The use of antibiotics for colds and bronchitis has a detrimental effect on all pathogenic microorganisms. For these purposes, Erespal, Augmentin, Ampiox, Amoxiclav, Cefotaxime and others may be prescribed. It is important to know how to relieve a cough during bronchitis, since severe coughing attacks exhaust the patient’s body, complicating the inflammatory process.

How to treat bronchitis and the cough it causes in an adult?

Runny nose, redness of the throat, severe cough, often accompanied by fever, shortness of breath - all this is a manifestation of bronchitis. In most cases, it has a viral or infectious nature. With it, inflammation of the bronchi occurs, and coughing attacks exhaust a person with their frequency and intensity. At first, the cough is dry, and there is pain and burning in the chest. Then it becomes wet, which is accompanied by phlegm, and its attacks become less severe. The acute form of bronchitis is accompanied by sputum with pus, sometimes there is blood in it. This disease is fraught with complications; in order to prevent them, it is necessary to undergo treatment on time and not delay in contacting a pulmonologist.

Possibility of cure

In most cases, the causative agents of bronchitis are viruses, so it makes no sense to treat the disease with antibiotics. The question arises of how to treat bronchitis and cough in an adult. But if, after five days of prescribed treatment, the temperature has not gone away, weakness is felt throughout the body, there is shortness of breath, and sputum production increases, then the causative agent of the disease is an infection that has entered the body. Then you can't do without antibiotics. Antitussives will help stop coughing attacks, they can reduce its dry appearance and help it turn into wet. Here we describe medications for dry cough in adults.

After this, expectorant medications are used to help remove sputum and mucus from the bronchial cavity. The main thing is to find an effective expectorant. For a sore throat, use antiseptics in the form of sprays. It is also recommended to gargle with various solutions prepared according to folk recipes. Immunostimulants that strengthen the body as a whole help you recover quickly. If suddenly the disease is accompanied by bronchospasms, then bronchodilators are used. Many people wonder whether it can be treated with antibiotics.

Acute form, viral

Diagnosis of the disease occurs after the patient consults a doctor. To accurately determine the form of the disease, you need to undergo a visual examination, auscultation, during which a specialist will check the noise in the lungs and bronchi, then you will need to take an x-ray and donate blood for analysis. If after all the examinations the diagnosis of acute bronchitis is confirmed, then treatment should begin immediately. Viral bronchitis, even in its acute form, does not require antibiotics. All treatment should be aimed at ridding the body of the virus by removing it along with sputum. The disease itself is not complex, but its complications are quite difficult to deal with. Therefore, it is so important to seek help from a specialist in time.

How to use children's antibiotics for coughs and runny noses is indicated in the article.

How to treat a runny nose and sore throat without fever is indicated in the article.

What you can do for a runny nose while breastfeeding is indicated here: https://prolor.ru/n/bolezni-n/rinit/nasmork-pri-grudnom-vskarmlivanii-lechenie.html

The video explains how to properly treat acute bronchitis:

The following means are usually used:

  • immunostimulating drugs that contain vitamins A, B, E and C;
  • antibiotics. At a temperature above 38 °C, which does not subside for three days, effective medications are prescribed: Biseptol, Amoxil and Streptomycin;
  • when using them, you must simultaneously drink medicines that restore the intestinal microflora, the activity of which will be disrupted by the effects of antibiotics. For these purposes, it is best to use Linex, Bifidobacteria and Yogurt;
  • at high temperatures, antipyretics are prescribed. Such as aspirin, paracetamol and ibuprofen. They act in a targeted manner, and in addition relieve headache and muscle aching;
  • phlegm-thinning medications. Well proven: Bromhexine and Ambroxol.

Biseptol is available in tablets. It usually does not have any side infections, so it is quite often used for bronchitis. The dosage is determined by the doctor and taken after meals. It is a combined antibacterial agent with a wide range of applications.

Amoxil belongs to the group of aminopenicillins. It suppresses the proliferation of harmful microbes, inhibiting the synthesis of their cells. It is used at 500 mg twice a day. When taken inside the body, it is perfectly absorbed into the blood and begins to act within two hours. It is also used in hospitals.

Streptomycin is prescribed for inflammatory processes. It can be administered intramuscularly or used as an aerosol. Before using it, it is necessary to take a skin test, so you can check the patient’s sensitivity to the components of the drug. When administered intramuscularly, a single dose of the drug is from 0.5 to 1 gram. The daily dosage should not exceed 2 grams.

The course of treatment with these drugs is from 5 to 7 days. Aspirin has antipyretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. It is drunk after meals, no more than three times a day, one tablet.

Paracetamol is an analgesic. It is used in cases where other non-steroidal drugs are contraindicated. It can relieve pain and relieve fever. The medicine is administered orally, one tablet (500 mg) at a time. They drink it four times a day. At least 4 hours should pass between doses of the medicine. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 4 grams. The course of taking the drug is a week.

Ibuprofen is a powerful drug. It has an analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effect on the body. It is taken orally in tablets (200 mg) 3 to 4 times a day. If necessary, the dose is increased to 400 mg three times a day. But not more than 1200 mg per day. Upon recovery, the dosage of the drug is reduced to 600–800 mg. In the morning the drug is taken before meals, and at other times after eating. The course of treatment should be no more than 5 days. The drug has many side effects and contraindications, so treatment should be carried out as quickly as possible.

Bromhexine has an expectorant effect. Makes sputum less viscous and promotes its removal. It reduces coughing attacks and helps improve the functioning of the bronchopulmonary apparatus. It is taken orally in tablet form or in syrup form, regardless of food intake, with plenty of warm liquid (water, herbal tea or infusion). Take two tablets three to four times. The syrup is drunk the same number of times at a dosage of 16 ml. It has a cumulative property, so its effect appears 2–6 days after the first dose. The maximum course is 28 days.

Ambroxol is an effective drug that can be completely absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. It reaches maximum concentration in the body in two hours. This mucolytic drug has expectorant and secretolytic functions. Available in the form of tablets and syrup (more suitable for children). The dosage of the drug is prescribed at the rate of 30 mg per 1 kg of body weight. The resulting indicator is divided into four applications.

The acute form of bronchitis requires following a diet, bed rest and performing therapeutic exercises.

Chronic form, prolonged bronchitis

A three-month constant, mild cough is the main sign of a sluggish process of bronchial inflammation, which over time becomes chronic if such processes are often repeated within two years. The effectiveness of treatment of chronic bronchitis depends entirely on the correctly chosen comprehensive approach, which should overcome the infection and relieve the symptoms of the disease. The main helpers in this are antibiotics.

What to do if your sense of smell has disappeared after a runny nose can be understood from this article.

What inexpensive and effective remedy for the common cold is most often used is indicated in the article.

How to cure swelling in a child’s nose without a runny nose is indicated here in the article: https://prolor.ru/n/simptomy/otek-nosa-bez-nasmorka-prichiny.html

The main goals in the treatment of exacerbation of chronic bronchitis are to fight infection and eliminate symptoms. Therefore, the following drugs are used: Clarithromycin, Tetracycline and Sumamed.

Clarithromycin, clarithromycin Teva - is obtained synthetically from erythromycin. Does this antibiotic cure? It acts bacteriostatically. The dosage of the medicine is determined individually for each person. A single dose is 0.25 - 1 gram. It is drunk regardless of meals twice a day.

Tetracycline is an antibacterial agent that eliminates germs. It is taken orally at 0.1 - 0.15 g half an hour before meals. The number of doses per day can reach 6 times.

Sumamed is able to eliminate harmful bacteria. It quickly penetrates the blood and dissolves in it. Its effect is noticeable already on the second day. It can be used for 5 days or an accelerated course consisting of a three-day use of the drug. A single dose is 500 mg - one tablet or two capsules.

After eliminating the inflammatory process with antibiotics, they can be replaced with inhalations. They will be based on onion or garlic juice. The recipe for their preparation is simple: you need to take one part of plant juice and combine with three parts of novocaine.

If long-term use of antibiotics has led to the occurrence of a fungal infection, then antifungal medications should be taken in parallel with general treatment.

Taking antibacterial agents may make the sputum thicker. Therefore, it is advisable to use the following drugs: Rinatiol, Trypsin or Bromhexine. Infusions of the following medicinal herbs have an expectorant effect: marshmallow, chamomile, thermopsis, coltsfoot. They should be drunk at least 10 times a day in parallel with plenty of warm liquid ingested.

Inhalations are good for treating chronic bronchitis. They can be with different solutions. If necessary, means are used to restore bronchial obstruction: Teofedrin, Eufillin, Astaman or Ventalin.

During an exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, the following measures will be effective:

  • supplementing the patient’s diet with vitamins C and A, as well as analogues of group B;
  • the use of natural biostimulants – aloe, sea buckthorn oil and propolis;
  • carrying out physical procedures;
  • performing physical therapy.

The same measures are effective for incipient bronchitis. All medications are prescribed by a pulmonologist.


He is being treated comprehensively. To eliminate it, it is necessary to use drug therapy containing the following medications:

  • bronchodilators (Berodual, Teotrad, Formoterol, fenoterol);
  • hormonal drugs (Prednisolone or Prednisol);
  • antibiotics (Erespal, Amoxicillin, Heparin);
  • expectorant medications (Bromhexine, Acetylcysteine);
  • infusions of bronchicum, wild rosemary or thermopsis;
  • antihistamines (suprastin or diazolin).

Berodual is able to expand the lumen of the bronchi, which have narrowed due to muscle spasm. Its active ingredients are: fenoterol and ipratropium bromide. They have a beneficial effect on the smooth muscles of the bronchi, eliminate their contractions and prevent the accumulation of sputum. It is available in the form of drops and aerosol. To relieve coughing attacks, adults need to drink 20–40 drops per application four times a day. The medicine may cause side effects: nausea, dizziness, arrhythmia, increased blood pressure and sometimes rash.

Erespal relieves inflammation and eliminates bronchoconstriction. It should be taken before meals, 1 tablet containing 80 mg or 45-90 ml of syrup twice a day. If necessary, double the dosage and divide it into three doses. When using it, nausea, slight tachycardia, and vomiting may occur. Pregnant women should not use this drug. Here you can read the instructions for using Erespal cough syrup.

In addition to drug intervention, the following methods are effective:

  • manual therapy;
  • vibration massage;
  • acupuncture;
  • changing the patient's diet.

Allergic bronchitis

Its appearance is not associated with colds; it occurs as a result of an allergic reaction of the body to pathogens that enter the lungs along with the air. Its symptoms are absolutely similar to chronic bronchitis and asthma, so doctors recommend treating it with medication. In this case, the drugs should not only reduce coughing and make breathing easier, but also eliminate the allergic reaction. The treatment of allergic bronchitis is approached in a comprehensive manner. It includes the use of the following medications:

  • antihistamines (Diazolin, Suprastin and Tavegil);
  • expectorants (Bronholitin, Mucaltin, Pertussin and Bromhexine).
  • bronchodilators (Cromoglin, Ketotifen, Atrvent)

Tavegil is taken before meals twice a day. One dose is 1 mg. It has side effects such as fatigue, drowsiness, tinnitus, dry mouth, and vomiting.

Suprastin is used both in tablet form and as injections. You should drink one pill (25 mg) three times a day. If the medicine must be administered intramuscularly, the dosage is from 1 to 2 ml. You should not consume more than 100 mg per day. Contraindications include:

Pertussin is a sweet syrup familiar from childhood, the active ingredients of which are extracts of thyme and thyme. It should be taken by adults three times a day, one tablespoon. The course of treatment should not exceed two weeks.

Ketotifen prevents bronchospasms. It enhances the effect of antihistamines. It is taken with meals, 1 mg. Preferably in the morning and evening. If necessary, the dose can be doubled. Its contraindications include:

  • hypersensitivity;
  • pregnancy;
  • kidney disease;
  • breastfeeding time;
  • children under three years old.

Features of treatment

Each patient is prescribed individual therapy, which depends on various risk factors and the form of the disease. Individual patients have their own specific treatment.

In pregnant women

The body of the mother and the child in her is a single system. When treating women in this position, the following features must be taken into account:

  • there is no medicine that would be considered completely safe for the baby, therefore, when choosing it, it is necessary to take into account that the benefit of the drug should be greater than the expected harm;
  • Medicines have a greater effect on the baby than on the mother.

The video explains how to treat bronchitis during pregnancy:

In the first days of the disease, pregnant women should remain in bed and drink plenty of warm drinks. They can be inhaled.

But you should clearly understand that in the first trimester, or more precisely, in its first months, all medications taken can have a toxic effect on the fetus, so you should try to cure diseases with folk remedies, natural decoctions and mixtures, or use physiotherapy.

From the second trimester, you can use Ephedrine, Eufillin or inhalations to relieve bronchospasm. To relieve cough, secretomotor and sputum thinners are prescribed (Bromhexine, thermopsis mixtures). In the third trimester, medications based on abroxol are already allowed.

In nursing mothers

In this case, the baby may refuse to eat, because he will not be able to eat when the mother has a constant cough, this is dangerous because the child may choke. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out treatment based on fast-acting agents that will not affect the baby’s food.

The video explains how to treat bronchitis while breastfeeding:

For a quick recovery, several remedies should be used simultaneously, but how much is treated is another question:

  1. drinking plenty of fluids. You need to drink as much chicken broth as possible, it can remove phlegm and cleanse the bronchi. It is imperative to brew breast teas collected from safe herbs;
  2. inhalation with soda solution or boiled potatoes;
  3. draw a grid with iodine on the chest;
  4. drink a safe herbal cough remedy – Mucaltin;
  5. for dry cough, use Lazolvan, Gedelix or Bronchicum;
  6. if the need arises, you can resort to antibiotics compatible with lactation (macrolides or semi-synthetic penicillins);
  7. do a therapeutic massage.

Elimination of disease in a smoker

How to treat in this case? These people must first quit their addiction, and then seriously begin to treat their chronic illness. To successfully combat the disease, you need to follow simple steps:

  • constantly carry out wet cleaning in the room so that dust does not settle on the bronchi;
  • use anti-inflammatory and disinfectants in the form of sprays and rinses;
  • do inhalations with herbal decoctions, as well as compresses and rubbing;
  • to improve sputum discharge, use expectorant medications;
  • perform gymnastics to restore breathing and physical therapy;
  • use folk remedies. Drink radish juice with honey orally, drink decoctions and infusions of beneficial plants.

On video - how to treat chronic bronchitis of a smoker:

The course of the disease with and without fever

High fever requires bed rest. You should take antipyretics (Paracetamol, Ibuprofen or Aspirin); if it persists for more than one day, then you should start taking antibiotics. The patient should be rubbed with alcohol or vinegar, cold compresses, wipe his face with a damp cool cloth, and do not forget to give him a warm drink.

When the temperature goes away, you need to ventilate the patient’s room well and humidify it. Carry out wet cleaning in it. Remove possible allergens from it (dust, soft toys, carpets and other similar things). Take the patient out into the fresh air, if he is still very weak, then at least onto the balcony or porch of the house.

Treatment of bronchitis must be carried out in a timely manner so that the disease does not take an acute form or become chronic. You should consult a pulmonologist and find out which medications are more effective to take in your case. An individual approach is applied to each patient, the characteristics of his body and the course of the disease are taken into account. Recommendations and instructions should be strictly followed and carried out regularly.

Expectorants for bronchitis

Inflammation of the bronchi requires serious, immediate treatment. Otherwise, bronchitis will begin to progress, which can lead to complications and development into a chronic form of the disease. Bronchitis is classified as follows:

  • acute type - an inflammatory process of the bronchial mucosa, which is characterized by an increase in the volume of secretion, which leads to coughing and the appearance of sputum (sometimes shortness of breath);
  • chronic form - a protracted, inveterate (in some cases purulent) disease, which does not depend on problems with the lungs and is expressed by a constant, severe cough;
  • obstructive disease - very dangerous, clogs the bronchi;
  • bronchitis combines with tracheitis, which results in the tracheid form of the disease (bronchopneumonia develops from tracheobronchitis).

To make life easier and improve your health, you need to know how to cure chronic bronchitis forever, how to get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of an acute disease, which expectorants are the most effective for acute bronchitis. Medicines are prescribed by a doctor; self-medication is not the best solution. The algorithm of actions depends on the type of bronchitis and the reasons by which it was provoked.

Antitussives and expectorants for adults

Most patients believe that the effectiveness of antitussive medicine is due to its cost: the more expensive, the better. This is a fundamentally incorrect reasoning. The price of an expectorant for bronchitis has absolutely no effect on its medicinal effect. Often the cost of syrups, tablets, powders against bronchial inflammation depends on the manufacturer, name, pharmaceutical organization, additives.

For dry cough

A severe, scratchy cough is not only a possible symptom of bronchitis. This symptom is very difficult to bear physically, disrupts sleep, and simply knocks a person out of his usual daily routine. You need to get rid of unpleasant symptoms using special reflex remedies. What to drink for dry cough? Experts advise taking the following medications:

Mucus thinners

When an infectious disease occurs, which includes inflammation of the bronchi, difficulties often arise with expectoration and clearing accumulated mucus. This problem can be resolved by using medications based on various herbs and plants. The pharmacological industry can offer a wide range of drug forms: preparations, tablets, capsules. Seeing such variety, it is difficult to choose the best cough expectorant. We offer a list of the most effective medications against bronchitis:

  • tablets "Thermopsol", "Codelac-Broncho";
  • Gerbion syrup to get rid of viscous, profuse sputum;
  • "Tussin" is a combined mucolytic, expectorant drug;
  • syrups “Pertusin”, “Bronchicum” - a triple blow to the disease (painkiller, expectorant, antimicrobial);
  • tablet medicine "Ambroxol" - a mucolytic that helps remove mucus;
  • Bromhexine syrup or tablets.

Expectorants for children

Children and teenagers also often experience illnesses such as bronchitis. It is necessary to treat the disease at first, until the condition of the child, especially the infant, worsens. To prevent a dangerous disease, you need to strengthen children's immune and respiratory systems, give children vitamins, and monitor the microclimate of their homes. If the child has already caught the inflammatory process, the following effective expectorant medications for bronchitis will help him:

  • "Mukaltin" - tablets including marshmallow;
  • "Gedelix" - ivy-based syrup or drops;
  • “Petrussin” – soft syrup with thyme extract;
  • “Doctor MOM” is a well-known remedy that contains 11 medicinal herbs;
  • “Alteyka” is a medicine in the form of syrup that improves the functioning of the bronchi and helps to quickly get rid of phlegm.

Folk expectorants for bronchitis

Many people are interested in treating bronchitis at home with folk remedies. Medicines are not always able to stop the development of the disease, and then they are replaced by folk remedies for bronchitis. Get rid of a dry cough, remove phlegm from inflamed bronchi at home? Easily! It is not difficult to prepare an expectorant at home using a recipe. Be careful: formulations and procedures are used only after consultation with a doctor.

For children

How to treat chronic bronchitis or its acute form in children? For coughing and problems with expectoration, the following folk remedies often help:

  • peppermint decoction;
  • licorice root syrup;
  • decoctions of oregano or thermopsis;
  • gargling and inhalation with chamomile;
  • soda with warm milk and propolis.

For adults

Treating bronchitis at home in adults is not a myth. Cough expectorants are often used to prepare medicinal remedies. Recipes for bronchial inflammation:

  • tincture of wild rosemary, oregano, nettle and birch leaves;
  • drinking collection of oregano, chamomile and coltsfoot;
  • warmed milk with the addition of cognac and honey;
  • radish juice with honey;
  • boiled oats with milk;
  • a potion made from agave juice, honey, butter.

During pregnancy

Women who are breastfeeding or pregnant often ask the doctor what expectorant tablets (syrups) can be taken. Not only the disease, but also poorly chosen drugs for its treatment can lead to unpleasant consequences. General rules:

  1. It is better to eradicate bronchitis using folk methods and herbs. Later it is allowed to resort to professional medicine.
  2. If the disease progresses, the doctor may prescribe Stondal or Bronchicum in the first months of pregnancy.
  3. The drugs “Libexin”, “Stoptussin”, “Falimint” are prescribed in the second and third trimesters.

Video: how to treat bronchitis

Below you can watch a very interesting, useful video about how to treat bronchial inflammation. The doctor will tell you what medications you need to take to get rid of the infectious disease. You can easily find out what rules to follow for a speedy recovery. See the power of preventive measures. Watch the video carefully and don’t get sick!


Maria, 22 years old: Having fallen ill with bronchitis, I turned to a specialist for help. The doctor prescribed me to take Ambrobene in syrup form. After a few days, the cough almost went away, and sputum began to be produced steadily. I also gave this drug to my child. No complaints. I recommend it.

Andrey, 41 years old: My son caught bronchial inflammation. We were prescribed Lazolvan. The boy began to recover very quickly. We saw a clear positive result after 4 days of treatment.

Zhanna, 25 years old: We were prescribed the expectorant drug “Bromhexine” after our daughter was examined by a doctor. The syrup was absolutely not suitable for us; after taking it, the child began to cough even more. We replaced the syrup with tablets, and the baby began to recover.

Treatment of bronchitis in adults

If this disease is taken lightly, it can develop into more serious pathologies. In advanced cases, treatment of bronchitis in adults can be carried out both in a hospital and at home. There is no single recipe that suits absolutely everyone. To answer the question of how to cure bronchitis, you need to understand what kind of disease it is. Doctors define it as inflammation of the bronchial mucosa caused by infection or exposure to external factors.

Symptoms of bronchitis

All types of bronchitis in the first stages are characterized by common symptoms. The main ones are: severe cough, sweating, chest pain, general weakness, shortness of breath, body aches, elevated body temperature. Symptoms of bronchitis can bother the patient both day and night. This often leads to sleep disturbances and nervous system disorders. Depending on the causes of occurrence, there are several main types of bronchitis:


This type of bronchitis develops against the background of influenza, ARVI or tonsillitis. It is difficult to recognize such a “transition” on your own. The symptoms of these diseases are similar (they can occur simultaneously):

  • cough – paroxysmal, deep, accompanied by sputum production, sometimes “barking”;
  • hoarseness;
  • sore throat;
  • weakness;
  • elevated temperature (may last for several days);
  • headache;
  • difficulty breathing;
  • runny nose;
  • spasm in the chest.

With mild acute bronchitis, some symptoms may be absent. The duration of treatment directly depends on timely diagnosis and proper therapy. The recovery period for bronchitis in adults is days. If treatment does not help and the disease does not subside, consult a doctor, he will prescribe the necessary procedures and suitable tablets for bronchitis for adults. The main difference between the acute form of pathology and other types of disease is that it is contagious.


A distinctive feature of chronic bronchitis is its frequency and duration. Periods of exacerbation often occur during the cold season. It is more difficult to get rid of such bronchitis than from the acute form, since it is characterized by residual effects, even after undergoing a course of treatment. Over the years, the disease can progress and take on more severe forms. This type of bronchitis can be identified by its characteristic symptoms.

Doctors diagnose a chronic form of the disease if the cough is present for more than three months a year, for two years in a row. The following symptoms are characteristic of chronic bronchitis:

  • Shortness of breath even with little physical activity. This is explained by deformation and blockage of the bronchi, which occurs with chronic bronchitis.
  • Increased fatigue.
  • Cough. With this form of the disease, it is persistent, continuous, with insignificant sputum production, and recurrent. It is very difficult to stop the attacks.
  • Bronchospasms.
  • The color of sputum can range from yellow to brown, depending on the stage of the disease.


What smoker's bronchitis is is well known to people who have this bad habit. It occurs due to combustion products and harmful substances entering the lungs. This form of the disease is characterized by a continuous cough with sputum production. Attacks of prolonged morning cough begin immediately after waking up and are repeated throughout the day. Smoker's bronchitis begins as one-sided, but over time develops into two-sided. If left untreated, the disease progresses, leading to the development of pneumonia and persistent cough.


With any bronchitis, the main symptom is a cough. In the obstructive form, attacks occur in the morning, after going out into the cold, or when starting physical activity after rest. Often the cough is accompanied by bronchospasms. With this form of the disease, difficulty breathing occurs after physical activity. At first, shortness of breath appears only after severe exertion, but over time it occurs during daily activities or at rest. The main causes of obstructive bronchitis in adults:

  • Professional. The causative agent is harmful substances contained in the environment (for example, in hazardous industries). Once in the body, they become the main cause of obstructive bronchitis.
  • Genetic. Determined by taking tests and undergoing examinations.


Unlike chronic or acute bronchitis, it is not infectious in nature, so the use of antiviral drugs to treat the allergic form of the disease does not make sense. This type of pathology occurs due to the body’s acute sensitivity to any substance. A list of symptoms will help diagnose allergic bronchitis in adults:

  • Increase in temperature during exacerbation of bronchitis.
  • There is a relationship between external irritants (consuming certain foods, being near animals, taking medications) and coughing attacks.
  • The manifestation of symptoms uncharacteristic of bronchitis, for example, skin rashes.
  • Cough with allergic bronchitis is continuous, paroxysmal during the daytime.
  • Wheezing, whistling when exhaling.

Diagnosis of the disease

To make an accurate diagnosis, the patient must consult a pulmonologist. Only a specialist can prescribe the correct treatment for bronchitis in each individual case. Making a diagnosis on your own and self-medicating is highly discouraged. To accurately diagnose pathology, adults are prescribed the following examinations and tests:

  • bronchoscopy;
  • listening to the patient with a phonendoscope;
  • sputum analysis;
  • fluorography;
  • computed tomography of the lungs (only for chronic bronchitis);
  • general blood analysis.

How to treat bronchitis in adults

If you do not know which treatments for bronchitis in adults are effective, you should not self-medicate. Lack of necessary assistance can lead to the disease remaining untreated. Treatment of bronchitis is not limited to drug therapy alone. Physiotherapy is successfully used in an integrated approach: UHF treatment, inductothermy of the interscapular region and halotherapy. The generally accepted standard of treatment for bronchitis includes 4 stages:

  1. Quitting smoking, proper nutrition.
  2. The use of bronchodilators (salbutamol, erespal), the mechanism of action of which is to stimulate receptors, which leads to dilation of the bronchi.
  3. The use of expectorants and mucolytics to help remove phlegm.
  4. The use of antibiotics (Augmentin, Biseptol) and antiviral drugs (Cycloferon).


Drugs in this group help relieve bronchospasms. Based on the type of action, these drugs for bronchitis are divided into three types: adrenomimetics, anticholinergics and combination drugs. They are worth considering in more detail:

  1. Adrenergic agonists. Relaxes the muscles in the walls of the bronchi, relieving spasm. An example of such a drug is Salbutamol, which is used for asthmatic and chronic bronchitis. It is contraindicated for children under 2 years of age and pregnant women. The drug is available in different forms; you have a choice - take it orally or inject it intramuscularly.
  2. Anticholinergics. They have a pronounced bronchodilator ability. A prominent representative of such drugs is Erespal. This is an anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator drug. Children under 14 years of age are prescribed in the form of syrup. Contraindicated in case of intolerance to one of the components of the drug.
  3. Combined drugs. They combine the actions of anticholinergics and adrenergic agonists. Example - Berodual (International nonproprietary name - Ipratropium bromide + Fenoterol). The actions of the components of the drug enhance each other, which leads to high effectiveness of treatment. The product alleviates the condition of a dry or productive cough and begins to act within 10-15 minutes.


The action of expectorants is aimed at removing mucus. This is a prerequisite for the treatment of bronchitis in adults. If the body cannot independently get rid of a large amount of sputum, it stagnates, and pathogenic bacteria begin to actively multiply in this environment. More often than other drugs, doctors prescribe the following expectorant drugs for adults:

  • Mukaltin. Liquefies viscous mucus, facilitating its exit from the bronchi.
  • Products based on the herb thermopsis - Thermopsol and Codelac Broncho.
  • Gerbion syrup, Stoptussin phyto, Bronchicum, Pertusin, Gelomirtol are based on medicinal herbs.
  • ACC (acetylcysteine). An effective, direct action product. Has a direct effect on sputum. If taken in the wrong dosage, it can cause diarrhea, vomiting, and heartburn.


If bronchitis is bacterial in nature, then antibiotic treatment is prescribed. In case of a viral infection, they are useless. To select effective antibiotics for bronchitis, it is necessary to conduct a sputum examination. It will show what bacteria caused the disease. The list of antibiotics is now very wide; a doctor must select them. Here are the main groups of such drugs:

  • Aminopenicillins – Amoxiclav, Amoxicillin, Augmentin. The action of these drugs is aimed at suppressing harmful microorganisms, but they do not cause harm to the patient’s body.
  • Macrolides – Macropen, Sumamed, Azithromycin, Klacid. Directly block the growth of bacteria.
  • Fluoroquinolones – Moxifloxacin, Ofloxacin. Broad-spectrum antibiotics. Used to treat bronchitis, chlamydial infections, etc.
  • Cephalosporins – Cefazolin, Suprax, Ceftriaxone. Affect microorganisms resistant to penicillin.
  • Flemoxin solutab. Amoxicillin analogue. Quickly absorbed into the blood. Release form: tablets.


Treatment of bronchitis in adults using inhalation is carried out using the following groups of drugs:

  • antiseptics,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • vasoconstrictors,
  • hormonal,
  • mucolytics;
  • expectorants,
  • immunomodulators,
  • antibiotics,
  • bronchodilators.

The advantage of this method is the rapid absorption of the drug. Medicines for bronchitis have a very wide range of actions; only a doctor can choose the best option. The following devices are used for inhalation:

  1. Steam inhalers. Inhalations with essential oils and medicinal herbs are considered effective for bronchitis.
  2. Warm-moist inhalers. They are one of the most affordable devices for carrying out procedures at home. For such inhalations, alkaline solutions and herbal remedies are used.
  3. Nebulizer. One of the most effective devices. It is used to treat any stage of bronchitis. The device transforms medicines into tiny particles that easily reach the site of the disease.

The range of drugs for inhalation using a nebulizer is very wide. The treatment regimen often uses Pulmicort or Ventolin (prevents and eliminates bronchospasms). The latter is contraindicated during pregnancy, children under 2 years of age and in case of individual intolerance to the components of the drug. Some drugs for the treatment of bronchitis, such as Ambroxol, in addition to tablets and ampoules for intramuscular injection, are also available in the form of a solution for inhalation.

Treatment of bronchitis in adults is also carried out with external medications. For this purpose, ointments based on animal fats are used. They are applied by rubbing over the skin in the bronchi area. The positive effect of treatment is achieved through a light massage when applying the product. The components have a warming effect, making the cough moist and relieving it. Ointments for the treatment of bronchitis can be purchased or prepared independently at home. Before using any of them, you must do an allergy test.

Ready-made ointments are more convenient to use and more effective in treating bronchitis; they contain much more useful substances. One of these drugs is Doctor IOM, which has minimal contraindications and is approved for adults and children. Another popular remedy for treating bronchitis is bear fat. It is used both internally and externally. For exposure through the skin, Dr. Theiss, eucalyptus, “Star” balms, Bom-benge and boromenthol ointments, and badger fat can be used.

Treatment with folk remedies

In the treatment of bronchitis in adults, both pharmaceutical drugs and those prepared according to traditional medicine recipes can be successfully used. These drugs and procedures are less effective, and the course of treatment lasts much longer. Here are folk remedies that have proven effective in treating bronchitis in adults:

  • Aloe with honey. Use internally half an hour before meals. A mixture is made from aloe, honey, rendered lard and chocolate, taken in equal proportions.
  • Propolis. An alcohol tincture of this product is made and added to tea and herbal infusions, 15 drops each. Has antibacterial properties.
  • Milk with soda. It is successfully used for the chronic form of the disease and smoker's bronchitis.
  • Potato inhalations. Proceed according to the scheme: boil the potatoes in their skins, remove from the stove, lean over the hot pan, inhale the vapors for 10 minutes. To keep the potatoes from cooling quickly, cover your head with a large towel.
  • Cranberry syrup with vodka. Mash the berries (100 g), squeeze out the juice, mix them with sugar (50 g). After bringing the syrup to a boil, cool it and add a glass of vodka (200 ml). To remove phlegm, take 2 times a day before meals.
  • Bathhouse. Steam in it only after consulting a doctor.
  • Warming up. These procedures are carried out using a mixture of honey, mustard powder and flour (homemade mustard plaster) or castor oil and turpentine. The mixture is applied to the chest and back and left overnight. Pepper patches are also used as a warming agent.
  • Compresses. For compresses, honey-oil, potato-soda mixtures are used. A honey compress is applied to the back, insulated with cotton wool and left on the patient’s body until the morning.

Treatment of pregnant women

Medicines prescribed for the treatment of bronchitis in adults (for example, Biseptol, Levomycetin) are strictly contraindicated in pregnant women. A complete lack of therapy can lead to fetal hypoxia, the threat of miscarriage, bleeding and other negative consequences. X-ray examinations prescribed to diagnose the disease are strictly contraindicated.

If you suspect bronchitis, you should consult a doctor. After the examination, he will prescribe the necessary treatment, which may include:

  • Drink plenty of fluids. Milk, herbal infusions, tea.
  • Anti-inflammatory herbal decoctions for sore throat.
  • Remedies for relieving dry cough - breast milk, linden tea, milk with honey.
  • Performing breathing exercises and physical therapy.
  • If a woman lives in an area with poor ecology, it will be useful to visit a sanatorium.
  • Physiotherapy (prescribed only by a doctor).

If the cough does not go away after a month

Long-term treatment of bronchitis in adults at home often leads to dangerous complications. If the cough does not go away after a month, contact the clinic. Refusal of treatment or reliance on the knowledge of a pharmacy pharmacist in adults and elderly people can cause bronchotracheitis, purulent infection, tracheobronchitis, tracheitis and long rehabilitation.

If you followed all the doctor’s instructions, took medicine for bronchitis, but there was no improvement, the therapist should send you to a hospital with a treatment protocol. At the hospital, additional tests will be carried out, you will be prescribed drug therapy (antibiotics for adults, antiviral drugs) and procedures (drip, physiotherapy).

Video tips for treating bronchial cough

Treatment of bronchitis is carried out using different methods. Remember that cough treatment is only part of complex therapy. By watching the videos below, you will learn what signs are the first to indicate the presence of bronchitis, what is the traditional treatment for this disease. In the final video, the famous pediatrician Komarovsky will explain with examples how bronchitis cannot be treated (mentioning homeopathy as well).

Source: https://neb0ley.ru/kashel/lekarstva-ot-bronhita-i-kashlja.html