Effective sprays for runny nose

What are the best and most effective nasal sprays for a runny nose?

A runny nose (or “rhinitis”) is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa. In itself it is not terrible, but it is very unpleasant. The head hurts, the sense of smell disappears, there is no appetite, it is difficult to breathe, and a burning sensation in the nose and sneezing become annoying companions of the patient.

Table of contents:

A nasal spray for a runny nose will help cope with unpleasant symptoms. This is an effective and easy-to-use medicine.

What are sprays?

Nasal aerosols or nasal sprays for runny nose are a special type of medication. Unlike drops, they are a fine mixture of medicinal substances that is sprayed under pressure onto the nasal mucosa. The patient does not need to take a supine position and calculate the dosage. It is convenient to use the spray anywhere: at work, on the street, while traveling.

How does the spray act on the nasal mucosa?

Particles of the medicine, when irrigated with a spray, irrigate the nasopharynx and even reach the internal sinuses, so the drug is used when rinsing the nose or treating sinusitis. The design of the bottle is such that an overdose is excluded, and there is no risk of side effects.

Types of sprays for runny nose

Typically, aerosols contain several components and can have a wide spectrum of action. The following groups of aerosols are conventionally distinguished:

The best sprays for runny nose and nasal congestion

To choose the ideal cure for a runny nose, you need to know the cause of the disease.

There are several reasons:

Let's consider which is the best nasal spray for a runny nose to use for each group of rhinitis.

Allergy sprays

Aflubin naze

An inexpensive and effective herbal nasal spray to relieve allergy symptoms. Includes:

Refers to homeopathic remedies. Relieves nasal congestion; to do this, it can be sprayed onto the mucous membrane every half hour to an hour. Using the spray before bed makes breathing easier and helps you have a restful night.


Avamis is a nasal spray for a runny nose of allergic causes with a synthetic hormone that penetrates special receptors through the mucous membrane and reduces the body's response to allergens. The drug is intended exclusively for eliminating symptoms of allergic rhinitis in adults and children.

One application per day is enough.

Among the disadvantages, we note the high cost of the spray.


Nasal spray for allergies with a pronounced vasoconstrictor effect.

The difference from other sprays in this direction is that it has a mild effect on the nasopharyngeal mucosa. Can be used by children from 6 years old. The drug belongs to the class of antihistamines.

Sprays for sinusitis

The use of sprays for sinusitis is justified by the form of release of these products. Spraying fine particles under pressure allows you to cover a large area of ​​the mucous membrane and deliver medicinal substances to the paranasal sinuses.


An antiseptic that is affordable and approved for use even by pregnant women. At home, rinsing the nasopharynx helps speed up recovery. In a hospital setting, the drug is used for drainage of the sinuses during punctures and punctures, for deep cleansing of the nasopharynx from purulent contents using “cuckoo” devices.


A new and expensive drug based on natural cyclamen extract. The action is based on the dilution of mucus in the sinuses and its active removal from the nose. Sometimes the use of Sinuforte allows you to do without punctures and operations. However, reviews of use are mixed. The use of the spray is possible only after prescription by a doctor.


An inexpensive and effective remedy for the prevention of sinusitis. The action is similar to Sinuforte. Made exclusively from natural ingredients: cyclamen extract, vitamins and essential oils of tea tree, eucalyptus and ginger. Upon contact with the nasal mucosa, it irritates it and causes rapid discharge of mucus and pus.

Polydexa with phenylephrine

A complex product that includes:

  • Anti-inflammatory drug;
  • antibiotic;
  • vasoconstrictor component.

Must be used as directed by a physician. Indicated for bacteriological infections of the nasopharynx. This universal and highly effective spray is approved for use in children over 2.5 years old, one injection 3 times a day.


Another nasal spray for a runny nose with antibacterial action. Unlike Polydexa, Isofra contains one antibiotic - framycetin. It acts on all known types of nasopharyngeal bacteria. This is a popular and affordable remedy for the treatment of exacerbations of chronic sinusitis.

Nasal rinsing sprays

Aqua normin

A means of hygiene and prevention of runny nose caused by various reasons: from colds to allergies. Made from Adriatic Sea water and contains natural salts and trace elements. Doctors advise using the spray daily during the spring and autumn seasons to prevent a runny nose and strengthen the body's defenses. Harmless for pregnant women and small children.


Aqualor - nasal spray with sea water. It thoroughly cleanses the nasal passages, moisturizes the nasopharynx and flushes out bacterial microflora from the nasopharynx.

  • Aqua Soft is used for dry nose and allergies;
  • Aqua norm - for colds;
  • Aqua Forte – for nasal congestion;
  • Aqua Extra – for chronic disease;
  • Aqualor baby - for the smallest noses.


In addition to daily use for nasal hygiene, the drug is used as part of complex therapy in the treatment of all types of runny nose. Pre-rinsing with Morenasal enhances the effect of other medications. It is noted that this remedy improves the resistance of the nasopharyngeal mucosa to bacteria, viruses and allergens.

Sprays for nasal congestion

The most common type is a spray for nasal congestion without a runny nose. They act on adrenaline receptors in the nose, constrict blood vessels and relieve swelling. The danger of such drugs is getting used to them. You must follow the recommended dosage and do not use it for longer than prescribed. Otherwise, the effect of treatment will be the opposite.

Lazolvan Rino

A drug from the well-known line of Lazolvan products. The main advantage is the quick relief of unpleasant symptoms of a runny nose for a long time with a minimum dosage and a gentle effect on the nasal membrane. The composition also includes menthol, camphor and eucalyptus, which not only helps you breathe freely, but also refreshes.


Canadian nasal spray for congestion and swelling with oxymetazoline. Relieves swelling of the mucous membrane within 15 minutes. Not allowed for children under 6 years old. It is effective, but a small bottle of the product is expensive.


Swiss antihistamine nasal spray for runny nose. In ENT practice it is used as a strong vasoconstrictor with a long-term effect. It has a neutral pH and contains moisturizing components that soften irritation during use. Menthol and eucalyptus pleasantly cool the inflamed nasal membranes and make breathing easier. The price of Otrivin is quite high for drugs of this series.

Vicks active sinex

The difference between this spray is its soft and gentle effect on the nasal mucosa. It includes:

  • Equalipotol;
  • aloe vera;
  • levomenthol

The drug relieves swelling for up to 12 hours and moisturizes the nasopharynx. The medicine is sprayed not in a stream or stream, but in an ultra-thin shower, which makes the use of the drug economical (the bottle is designed for 294 sprays).


An inexpensive drug that quickly relieves the unpleasant symptoms of a runny nose: discharge and congestion. With irrigation, the nasal cavity is freed, and the patient begins to breathe noticeably better. It is often used in preparation for various types of ENT procedures.

When used topically, the medicine is almost not absorbed into the blood, which makes it possible to use it in children as young as two years old (at a dosage of 0.05%). The product contains sea water, which maintains the normal balance of moisture in the mucous membrane. Like all sprays with a vasoconstrictor effect, it should not be used for a long time (no more than 7 days).


Inexpensive and fast-acting drug. It has been used in ENT practice for a long time. The active component of the spray acts within 5 minutes. If the dosage and timing of use are observed, no side effects were found.


Another affordable spray to relieve nasal congestion. Helps immediately after injection and maintains the result for a long time. The medicine tends to increase blood pressure and is undesirable for pregnant women, nursing mothers and children under 6 years of age.


Combined action nasal spray for runny nose. Constricts blood vessels and promotes the release of mucus by diluting it. Helps even with prolonged and difficult to treat runny nose. Like all drugs in this series, if the dosage is exceeded, it becomes addictive.

Table. Comparison of nasal decongestion sprays by duration

action and time of application.

Moisturizing nasal sprays


Spray for daily hygiene with salts of the Adriatic Sea. It cleans well of street and indoor dust and actively moisturizes the nasal mucosa. An excellent solution for people working in rooms with air conditioning and dry air, for smokers and drivers, as well as for everyone during the period when central heating is turned on. The only downside is the high price.


Transparent nasal spray for runny nose with a pleasant almond scent. By moisturizing the inner cavity of the nose, it removes dry crusts, washes away germs and helps make breathing easier. Can be used before other medications and for daily hygiene. For rinsing, as many injections as necessary are allowed.

Sprays for polyps


Hormonal nasal spray with broad complex action. Within an hour it relieves the main signs of allergic rhinitis: itching, redness of the face, copious nasal discharge. The effect lasts for 24 hours. It is prescribed for polyps and adenoiditis, under the mandatory supervision of a doctor.


More expensive drug. Its action is similar to Nazarel, but it is less absorbed into the bloodstream and therefore is allowed for children from two years of age. After a course of therapy, patients with polyps noted a decrease in their size, improved nasal breathing and the return of their sense of smell.

Antiviral sprays

Basically, respiratory viruses enter our bodies through the nose. Increasing local immunity of the nasal mucosa is of fundamental importance, first of all, for the prevention of respiratory viral infections.


The action of this drug is aimed at stimulating the immune system for a more active fight against viruses. The active substance is obtained from sturgeon fish. It is well absorbed and tolerated by the body. In combination with antibiotics, Derinat fights viral infections in the nasal cavity.

Interferon – Genferon Light

Genferon Light includes:

  • Interferon, which has an antiviral immunostimulating effect;
  • taurine, which has a positive effect on metabolic processes in cells.

An effective (but not cheap) drug for the treatment of ARVI and influenza. As a general rule, immunomodulators are not prescribed to children.

Cold sprays for children

Medicines for the common cold in spray form are approved for use by children. The safest are children's nasal rinsing sprays with sea water:

Irrigation of the nasal mucosa with these sprays helps with all types of runny nose and is harmless to the health of young patients. The use of other medications is permissible as prescribed by a specialist. This is due, first of all, to the likelihood of a non-standard reaction to aerosols in children - a spasm of the respiratory tract.

Sprays for newborns

You need to be especially careful when treating a runny nose in very young children. The main danger of a spray at this age is not an overdose of the drug, but the possibility of causing a spasm of the larynx, trachea and bronchi of the infant when injected. Therefore, it is better to stop using sprays and use drops.

Sprays for pregnant women

The choice of any medications during pregnancy should be made by a doctor. Preference is given to safe drugs of natural origin. When treating a runny nose, a nasal spray with sea water is suitable for pregnant women; for severe symptoms, homeopathic and vasoconstrictor sprays in minimal dosages and short courses.

Euphorbium compositum

Homeopathic nasal spray for runny nose based on minerals and plant materials. Without harming the health of the expectant mother and baby, it will help with nasal congestion, clear the passages of mucus and make breathing easier. Additionally moisturizes and cares for the nasopharynx.

When should you not use sprays?

Restrictions on the use of aerosols:

  • Infancy of the child;
  • age up to 2.5 years;
  • addiction due to excessive use of vasoconstrictor drugs.

In the first and second cases, doctors recommend taking drops. In the third, follow the dosage and not exceed the course of treatment for several days.


Nasal sprays for runny nose are a convenient form and highly effective treatment.

Today, aerosols for the common cold are produced in various ways: antihistamine sprays against allergies, vasoconstrictors for congestion, nasal sprays with sea water for the prevention of rhinitis, homeopathic remedies for pregnant women, anti-inflammatory antibiotics.

Use antiviral sprays prophylactically and at the first symptoms of a cold. Then respiratory diseases will be easier and of shorter duration.

Did you like the article? Rate the material!

Do you have a question or experience regarding this issue? Ask a question or tell us about it in the comments.

For me, washing my nose with saline solutions became a revelation not long ago. I was suffering from a strong, lingering runny nose and a friend told me to start rinsing my nose, and after a couple of days the runny nose began to go away. Washing is very effective!

I use AquaMaster during colds, it helps relieve congestion and moisturize the mucous membrane. And I wash the child’s nose with it to reduce the dry crusts that form from the sniffles.

Our whole family (children from the age of one) use AquaMaster from the Evalar company. A good and effective analogue of Aquamaris, Aqualor and other similar sprays. We use it for both preventive and therapeutic purposes. Recently, my husband was sick, before using the drops, he washed his nose with AquaMaster, in combination everything worked much more effectively, which led to a quick recovery. I would also like to note the bottle, with a removable nozzle, which allows you to use it many times.

Now I wash it with morenasal spray with chamomile, containing calcined sea salt. It relieves inflammation very well and speeds up recovery.

And the domestic spray Morenasal always helps me. It relieves congestion well and moisturizes the mucous membrane. Thanks to the dispenser, it is easy to use and inexpensive.

I also rinse, drops on top. I usually take xylene, it’s cheap, but no less effective as, for example, rhinostop. And it comes in spray form. Moreover, I really liked the sprayer - it always works because it’s simple: you just need to press the bottle and spray.

Of the above, we liked Morenazal, the child himself pointed his finger at it on the shelf, he liked the packaging with the red beacon. Upon closer examination, it is the most profitable of the sprays in terms of price and volume. We always just rinse the nose with it and then instill vasoconstrictor drops.

First of all, you should understand that a runny nose is not a cause, but a consequence. And essentially there is no need to treat it; you need to understand and remove the cause of the runny nose.

If you suddenly have a runny nose, then this is the first bell - be sure to consult a doctor, because outwardly similar symptoms can be caused by various diseases and if you don’t figure it out in time, you may be late with treatment.

As for the “spray” form factor, it seems to me that this is just a temporary fad - fashion, because... Before their appearance, ointments and drops successfully handled treatment tasks.

Just like Anastasia “sat” on naphthyzine for a long time, it got to the point where she put it under her pillow. As a result, when I got tired of this dependence, I developed the following scheme for myself. As soon as I begin to realize that I have a runny nose, I rinse my nose with Miramistin or its analogue Chlorhexidine, then I instill Sanorin and, after my breathing becomes easier, I moisturize my nose with Aquamaris. The scheme works great. A runny nose never lasts more than three days.

I had a naphthyzine addiction for 3 years, I remember those years! I couldn’t stand it and had an operation to cauterize the mucous membrane and finally my nose began to breathe without droplets. Then for another 2 years I was afraid to use vasoconstrictor drugs. When a runny nose starts, I rinse my nose with AquaMaster. When it doesn’t help at all, I use Otrivin, but not more than 3 days! I also instill Otrivin Baby for my daughter... But it’s better, of course, not to relieve the symptoms of a cold, but still treat it!

Source: https://pulmonologiya.com/preparaty/nasmork/sprei.html

Nasal sprays for runny nose and congestion. Which ones are better?

Nasal spray is a relatively modern form of medicine, since previously most solutions were produced in the form of drops.

Get rid of dryness, eliminate nasal congestion, defeat infection without the use of systemic antibiotics - local remedies can easily cope with all this.

Let's consider what options modern pharmacology offers and when it is better to use one or another drug.

Nasal spray for a runny nose: which is better?

There is no such thing as the best medicine, since each of them has its own effect and is used in a specific situation.

If a patient wants to quickly get rid of nasal congestion, then his choice should fall on an effective and efficient vasoconstrictor.

To eliminate swelling caused by causally significant allergens, a completely different one based on glucocorticosteroid hormones will be suitable, and for a cold, the doctor will select a third option against snot.

Types of nasal sprays

The pharmaceutical market offers many options for these medications, which differ in composition and effect. The following groups are distinguished:

  1. Vasoconstrictors.
  2. Hormonal.
  3. Antihistamines.
  4. Based on herbal ingredients (homeopathic).
  5. Antibacterial.
  6. Antiseptic.
  7. Moisturizing.
  8. Combined

Each class has its own advantages and disadvantages and is used for different symptoms and conditions. Let's take a closer look and analyze the main representatives and their features.

Vasoconstrictor drugs

These are some of the most recognizable remedies that every adult has tried at least once in their life. Their effect on the vessels leads to a narrowing of the latter, due to which congestion disappears and normal breathing is restored.

This effect in medicine is called symptomatic, since they do not treat the pathology, but only temporarily relieve its symptoms.

Advantages of this group:

  • work almost immediately;
  • contraindications and negative manifestations of this class have been well studied, since they have been known for quite a long time;
  • Suitable for children and adults.
  • they do not treat the disease (cause), but only eliminate the symptoms for a while;
  • cause addiction and dependence;
  • have a wide list of contraindications, negative consequences and reactions.

You can use a substance from this group in an emergency situation, when you need to get rid of a cold in a short time. In this case, you need to take into account contraindications and not abuse them, so as not to cause addiction.

Representatives of this class differ in the duration of the effect:

Short-acting (Naphazoline, Phenylephrine). They work for only a few hours, but they have a pronounced effect and constrict blood vessels in just a few seconds. Severe adverse reactions are observed in the form of dry nasal mucosa, bleeding, burning, pressure changes, and tachycardia.

Contraindicated in patients with glaucoma and heart problems, as well as those suffering from high blood pressure (BP).

They are highly addictive, so should not be used for more than 4-5 days. This is a relatively inexpensive medicine, the average cost of which is within rubles, depending on the manufacturer.

The latest generation drug is Tramazolin, which is available only in spray form. Trade name Lazolvan Rino. It has the longest lasting effect of all the above medications.


This group of drugs has found wide application for the treatment of allergies and chronic polypous sinusitis. Medicines based on local hormones.

They have a long duration of action and are not absorbed into the systemic circulation. They have virtually no side effects, with the exception of the appearance of severe dryness when abused.

Representatives of this class:

Herbal products

Homeopathic medicines have a gentle effect on the body, are not addictive, and at the same time, they work somewhat weaker than their synthetic “brothers”.

They are used in the scheme of complex treatment of diseases and show themselves well in chronic processes.

For patients suffering from allergic rhinitis and a tendency to hypersensitivity reactions, the use of these herbal medications is contraindicated.

In pharmacies you can find the following options:

  • Sinuforte. The main substance is cyclamen root extract. It is chosen for acute and chronic sinusitis. The active element affects nerve endings and helps increase mucus production and its removal from the sinuses;
  • Delufen. Active ingredients: mustard, spurge, lumbago, luffa, etc. Shows anti-inflammatory and anti-edema activity.

A well-known herbal drop is Pinosol, but it is only available in drop form.

Antibiotic nasal spray

Due to the inclusion of an antibacterial component in the composition, such medications locally fight infection. They are used in the treatment of bacterial rhinitis, sinusitis in a complex therapy regimen or independently.

List of these funds:

Bioparox. A fairly popular aerosol that kills germs both in the nose and throat. The active substance is a local nasal antibiotic fusafungin. Has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activity.

Not absorbed into the systemic circulation. The kit includes two attachments: one for the throat and the other for the nasal cavity.

Allowed for use by adults and children over 3 years old. The medicine is active against most microbes that cause colds and nasopharyngeal diseases.

Combined drugs

They contain several active components, thanks to which the medicine has a pronounced therapeutic effect. Here are their names:


A representative of this group is Miramistin. This antiseptic for external use has a wide range of antimicrobial effects.

It exhibits a weak antifungal effect and is resistant to many bacteria. In addition, it is characterized by weak antiviral activity.

Does not irritate the skin and almost never causes allergic reactions. Used in the treatment of various diseases, including infections of this area. Cost, rub.

Nasal decongestion spray

You can quickly get rid of swelling if you know for sure what caused it.

Different diseases require different treatment approaches. Which drug is better to choose for bacterial rhinitis?

  • Vasoconstrictors can instantly and temporarily remove swelling. A list of them is presented above;
  • antibiotic aerosols are needed to eliminate the infection;
  • to restore the mucous membrane and moisturize it, you will need salt sprays and liquids;
  • in cases of viscous, difficult to remove mucus, Rinofluimucil and Sinuforte will work well.

What to do when swelling in the nose is caused by allergies? First of all, eliminate the causative allergen, and then fight the manifestations of the disease.

Hormonal agents are ideal for these purposes. The peculiarity is that they begin to act 2-3 days after application. In addition, their effect continues for another 7-10 days after their cancellation.

You can relieve swelling due to allergies before local hormones take effect using Vibrocil. It can be prescribed independently for seasonal allergies for several weeks without the risk of addiction.

Sprays for rinsing the nose with sea water

These are relatively cheap and well-known options based on sea water or sodium chloride solution. The pharmaceutical market offers many varieties of these medications. The difference may be the concentration that makes them hypotonic, isotonic or hypertonic.

This moisturizing drug is indispensable in the treatment of most pathological conditions. It is not addictive even when used for several years. It has no side effects, works very gently and does not injure the epithelium.

By moisturizing the mucous membrane, such physiological fluid helps restore natural functions and increases local immune defense. In addition, saline solutions wash away allergens, dust particles and bacteria. By washing away viruses, they prevent them from penetrating deeper and preventing the progression of the infectious process.

There are many trade names for these medications. Here are some of the most popular:

  1. Aquamaris. It contains water from the Adriatic Sea with natural minerals. Cleanses the mucous membrane and eliminates inflammatory manifestations.
  2. Aqualor. Natural sea water. There are various forms of release and concentration for children and adults.
  3. Morenasal. It contains sea salt and has an anti-edematous, anti-allergic and moisturizing effect.
  4. Humer. There are several types of this drug.
  5. Dolphin. Contains mineral salts and components from medicinal plants. Iodine and magnesium promote the restoration and healing of microtraumas, and also have an antiseptic effect. Rose hips exhibit antibacterial properties, and licorice eliminates itching and symptoms of allergic inflammation. Used for inflammatory and allergic diseases of this area. The price includes the whole system, which includes an irrigator and bags of solution.
  6. Salin. The bottle allows you to use it both as drops and as a spray, just hold it in the desired position. A relatively inexpensive drug for children and adults.

Nasal spray for pregnant women

The period of pregnancy and breastfeeding is often complicated by a runny nose and congestion.

This situation can become a big problem, since most conventional medications are contraindicated for women during this period.

What can pregnant women in their situation do:

Vasoconstrictor drugs based on xylometazoline (Otrivin, Galazolin, Vibrocil). The instructions for use do not contain clear permission for their use by pregnant women. They are prescribed when the benefit to the expectant mother outweighs the potential risk to the fetus.

This means that if the patient is unable to breathe through her nose at all, then it is better to use these drops than to suffer and aggravate her further condition.

In this case, it is better to choose children's drops, in which the dosage of the active substance is significantly less. Drops based on oxymetazoline (Nazivin and others) are contraindicated for pregnant women.

The use of any drug during pregnancy must be agreed with the attending physician, who will conduct a detailed diagnosis and find out the cause of the problem.

Thus, a banal cold can actually turn out to be a serious sinusitis or frontal sinusitis, and habitual drops can cause complications that will overshadow this happy period.

The pharmaceutical market offers hundreds of different trade names of sprays. It can sometimes be difficult to figure them out on your own.

You need to understand that each individual situation requires its own approach to treatment and there is no best or universal medicine for all cases.

If in doubt, you can always visit a specialist and together choose an adequate and relatively inexpensive method of therapy.

Comparison of nasal sprays: video

Share with friends

I came to the pharmacy to buy Aqualor, but there was no child's one, they offered AquaMaster as a replacement, a child can start from 1 year old, mine is just 2 years old, I decided to try it, but where to go? When using it, I liked it, a good spray, voluminous spray, quickly makes breathing easier.

Add a comment Cancel reply

Specialty: Otorhinolaryngologist Work experience: 12 years

Specialty: Otorhinolaryngologist Work experience: 8 years

Source: https://nasmorkam.net/sprei-dlja-nosa/

Nasal sprays. Which spray to choose for nasal diseases?

Nasal spray is a relatively new dosage form. For a long time, intranasal drugs were limited to simple drops, and only a few decades ago an alternative appeared in domestic pharmacies. With the help of nasal sprays you can cure allergies, sinusitis, rhinitis and common dryness of the nasal mucosa. What are they, and how to use them correctly?

>> The site presents an extensive selection of medications for the treatment of sinusitis and other nasal diseases. Enjoy it for your health! <

Why spray?

But first, let's figure out how the spray differs from its more experienced “predecessor” - nasal drops. For example, let’s take the simplest solution of sea water in the form of drops and spray and compare their effectiveness.

Ordinary nasal drops wash the nasal cavity quite unevenly. And even more so, they cannot penetrate through the mouth into the paranasal maxillary sinuses, and, therefore, the effectiveness of intranasal drops for sinusitis is extremely doubtful.

With sprays the situation is different. When spraying modern sprays, the medicine practically turns into a finely dispersed mixture, which is evenly distributed throughout the entire nasal cavity. Thus, not a single area of ​​the nasopharynx will be left “unattended.” In addition, the spray is sprayed with a certain force. Medicine that penetrates into the nasal cavity under pressure can penetrate into its most remote areas and even into the paranasal sinuses. Therefore, irrigating the nose with sea water sprays is in some way a hygienic procedure for the maxillary sinuses and the prevention of sinusitis.

Types of nasal sprays

There are several nasal sprays on the modern market, which are representatives of different groups of medications. Let's list them:

  • vasoconstrictor sprays (alpha-adrenergic agonists);
  • antiallergic sprays;
  • antiseptic sprays;
  • drugs with antibiotics;
  • moisturizing sprays with isotonic or hypertonic solution, sea water;
  • homeopathic sprays for runny nose.

A separate group includes Chinese sprays and spray-balms for runny nose and sinusitis, which are quite popular in Russia. Now it’s time to get down to specifics, and let’s start our excursion with the most common and well-known drugs - vasoconstrictors.

Nasal sprays for runny nose: quickly and effectively

Alpha adrenergic agonists (vasoconstrictor sprays) are pioneers among remedies for the common cold. They have been used for several decades, and during this time pharmacists have thoroughly studied the positive and negative aspects of these drugs. The pharmacological action of alpha-adrenergic agonists is based on the narrowing of blood vessels in the nasal cavity, which leads to a reduction in swelling and restoration of nasal breathing. In addition, the volume of nasal secretions also decreases during the action of alpha-agonists. Let us add that nasal sprays for a runny nose have a symptomatic, not a therapeutic effect: they alleviate rhinitis and rhinosinusitis, but do not cure the disease itself.


The most age-appropriate alpha-adrenergic agonist, naphazoline, is gradually becoming a thing of the past. A nasal spray with naphazoline, just like drops, is effective for a fairly limited period of time - only a few hours. Due to the short-term vasoconstrictive effect and excessive drying of the nasal mucosa, naphazoline is used extremely rarely, and in pediatrics they try to avoid it altogether.

Nevertheless, in Russian pharmacies you can buy the domestic spray Naphthyzin, which has a very affordable price, as well as the Czech spray Sanorin, known since Soviet times.


Xylometazoline is slightly younger than naphazoline, but it already has undeniable advantages over the founder of the group. Sprays for nasal congestion with xylometazoline act longer and more gently, without irritating or drying out the nasal mucosa.

The German nasal spray with xylometazoline Grippostad Rino, Dlynos produced by Sandoz, Doctor Theiss Nazolin, Xylobene for children and adults and others are registered in the Russian Federation. The Norwegian company Nycomed produces Xymelin Eco spray and Xymelin Eco with menthol. The latter is sold in the form of a regular nasal spray and in dosed form, one spray of which contains a strictly defined dose of medication. Swiss runny nose sprays for children and adults from the Otrivin line are also popular. All adult forms of xylometazoline spray have a concentration of 0.1%, and all children's forms have a concentration of 0.05%.


Another alpha-adrenergic agonist, oxymetazoline has a wide variety of release forms. It is adapted for children from birth to one year, from one to six years old and children over six years old and adults. Oxymetazoline is produced in three concentrations, which are intricately intertwined and poorly remembered not only by consumers, but also by pharmacists. Let's try to unravel this tangle. So, nasal sprays with oxymetazoline can have three forms of release:

  • 0.025% for newborns and children under 1 year;
  • 0.01% for children 1–6 years old;
  • 0.05% for children over 6 years old and adults.

Domestic pharmacies sell several sprays for the common cold with oxymetazoline, and among them are Afrin produced in Canada, Nazivin and Nazivin Sensitive from Merck, Germany, Nazol and Nazol Advance (for adults), produced by Bayer and some others.


Tramazolin is one of the most modern alpha-agonists, which is available only in the form of a nasal spray. It has the longest effect of all vasoconstrictor drugs for the common cold. Only one tramazolin preparation is registered in Russia, called Lazolvan Rino. It is produced by the famous German company Boehringer Ingelheim. Lazolvan Rino is approved for use in children over 6 years of age and adults.

Combined sprays for runny nose

This group includes the well-known complex vasoconstrictor spray Vibrocil. It contains the antiallergic component dimethindene and the vasoconstrictor phenylephrine. A distinctive property of Vibrocil is its gentle effect on the nasal mucosa. Vibrocil spray is used to treat allergic rhinitis, as well as viral and bacterial rhinitis and rhinosinusitis in children over 6 years of age and adults. The original drug, which has no analogues today, is produced by the Swiss company Novartis.

Another unique combination spray, Rinofluimucil, contains a mucus thinning substance (acetylcysteine) and a vasoconstrictor component.

Allergies: from cromoglycates to hormones

Antiallergic nasal sprays are divided into two large and fundamentally different groups - cromoglycates and glucocorticosteroids. Cromoglycates are preparations of cromoglycic acid. They stabilize mast cell membranes. It is from these cells that during allergies, the main culprits of severe allergic symptoms are released - histamine and other, less active mediators.

It should be borne in mind that the effect of cromoglycates accumulates very slowly, over several weeks. This slowness is explained simply: the allocated portion of histamine is already conducting military operations with might and main, and cromoglycic acid does not affect it. The effect of the medicine will appear only when the next batch of mediators is ready to “disembark” from mast cells. Therefore, it is recommended to take membrane stabilizers before the start of the allergy season, preferably a month or even more.

Glucocorticosteroids work in a completely different way. These are local hormonal drugs that have a pronounced anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effect. Don't be afraid of the word "hormones".

Hormonal nasal sprays are practically not absorbed into the bloodstream. Some of them, for example, Nasonex, are prescribed to children from two years of age, and in the West even to pregnant women.

It is hormonal intranasal allergy sprays that are recognized as the most effective means of combating this scourge. They begin to act a few days after the start of therapy.

Meet allergy nasal sprays

Cromoglicic acid

Cromoglicic acid preparations can be used to treat children over 5 years of age. They are given four times a day for four weeks or more. The withdrawal of medications should be carried out gradually, reducing the dosage and frequency of use over seven days.

In Russian pharmacies you can buy CromoHexal, a drug from the Slovak company Sandoz, the German nasal spray Kromoglin (Merkle company) and again the German drug Stadaglycin (Stada).


Beclomethasone is one of the first intranasal glucocorticoids. Among the hormonal nasal sprays for allergies, it is the “weakest”. Beclomethasone preparations begin to act 4–5 days after the start of regular use (2–4 times a day). In extremely rare cases, beclomethasone can cause perforation of the nasal septum. To prevent this, the medicine should be sprayed not on the septum, but along the nasal passage.

There are several names of nasal allergy sprays containing beclomethasone on the Russian market, including the Belgian Aldecin (manufactured by the well-known company Schering Plau), Beconase and the Czech Nasobek spray. Let us add that Beconase, which is produced by the pharmaceutical concern Glaxo, has a pleasant lilac scent. This is how the manufacturer protected its drug from counterfeits.


Another intranasal corticosteroid, a nasal spray, which, according to the instructions, is approved for use in children over 4 years of age. The drug is prescribed 2 injections twice a day for several weeks (or until the effect of the allergen ceases). Relief occurs 3-4 days after the start of therapy.

Fluticasone preparations are marketed under the trade names Flixonase (manufactured by Glaxo) and Fluticasone (Russia). In addition, there is another anti-allergic nasal spray with fluticasone furoate on the market - Avamys.


The list of the best nasal sprays for allergies is headed by mometasone - the most modern and powerful of all existing intranasal agents with corticosteroid hormones. It is practically not absorbed into the systemic circulation, and therefore has a very high safety profile. Mometasone is officially approved for use in children over two years of age. It is prescribed not only for allergic rhinitis, but also for sinusitis, rhinitis and other rhinosinusitis. The drug begins to work, at best, a day after the start of treatment, which involves two injections into each nasal passage.

Russian pharmacies sell several mometasone preparations, and among them: Nasonex (the original Belgian nasal spray produced by Schering Plow) and Desrinit from the Israeli company Teva.

Antiseptics for the nose

Antiseptic sprays for irrigation of the nasal cavity are most often used for rhinosinusitis, including sinusitis. Their goal is to fight bacteria and, to a lesser extent, viruses in the nasal cavity and maxillary sinuses.

Miramistin preparations are prescribed as the most popular and effective antiseptic nasal sprays for sinusitis. They are active against many microorganisms, including streptococci, staphylococci, including Staphylococcus aureus, pseudomonas, fungi of the genus Aspergillus and penicillium, candida and other pathogens.

Antibiotic nasal sprays

Nasal sprays that contain antibiotics are highly effective drugs for a runny nose of bacterial origin, including sinusitis. They cannot be taken for a common runny nose in the broad sense of the word, that is, for viral rhinitis. Antibiotics have no effect on viruses, but miraculously help resistant strains of bacteria “grow.”

In order not to confuse a viral and bacterial infection with sinusitis or rhinitis and not to start useless and even harmful antibiotic therapy, nasal sprays with antibiotics should be used only as prescribed by a doctor.

Only two preparations in the form of sprays containing antibacterial active ingredients are available in domestic pharmacies.

Polydexa with phenylephrine

Polydex complex nasal spray with phenylepherine contains:

  • dexamethasone, a powerful glucocorticosteroid with anti-inflammatory and antiallergic effects;
  • neomycin, an aminoglycoside antibiotic effective against Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae and other bacteria;
  • polymyxin, another antibiotic that is effective against Escherichia coli and Haemophilus influenzae infections;
  • phenylephrine is an alpha-adrenergic agonist that constricts blood vessels and facilitates nasal breathing.

Thanks to its complex, precisely selected composition, Polydex nasal spray with phenylephrine is an effective treatment for most cases of acute and chronic bacterial sinusitis. The drug is used to treat adults and children over 2.5 years old, 1 injection 3–5 times a day for 5–10 days.


Isofra is another antibacterial nasal spray used for a runny nose of bacterial etiology. It is interesting that both Polydex and Isofra are produced by the same company: the French Bouchard-Recordati Laboratory. Unlike Polydex, Isofra contains one active ingredient - an antibiotic of the aminoglycoside group, framycetin. It is active against staphylococci and some strains of streptococcus, as well as many gram-negative bacteria.

Isofra nasal spray is injected 4-6 times a day into each nasal passage for 7-10 days.

Simple and effective: saline solutions

An important place in the list of medications used for various types of runny nose is occupied by aqua sprays for rinsing the nose with sodium chloride. The pharmaceutical industry produces many similar drugs, including sprays with hypotonic, isotonic or hypertonic solutions, as well as with sea water. All of them can be hypo-, hyper- or isotonic.

Despite their apparent simplicity, sprays with sea water or saline solution are indispensable for inflammatory and allergic diseases of the nasal cavity: viral, bacterial and allergic rhinitis, sinusitis and other rhinosinusitis. These drugs perfectly moisturize the mucous membrane of the nose and maxillary sinuses, thin out thick nasal secretions and facilitate their removal, and wash viruses from the surface of the mucous membrane, preventing the development of a viral infection.

Nasal sprays with a hypertonic solution, due to the high osmolar pressure formed in the nasal cavity, improve the removal of purulent secretions in bacterial purulent rhinitis and sinusitis.

There are many preparations with sea water and saline solution in the form of sprays for the nose and throat. Let's highlight the most popular:

  • Salin (hypotonic solution, also intended for small children);
  • Physiodosis;
  • Aqua Maris;
  • Humer;
  • Dolphin.

Most drugs are produced in a whole line, which includes isotonic and hypertonic solutions, as well as adapted forms for children with small attachments.

Cosmetic Chinese nasal sprays

Recently, Chinese nasal balm sprays for sinusitis and runny nose, which are sold in online and cosmetic stores, have become somewhat popular. Let’s make it clear right away that all Chinese sprays have nothing to do with medications. None of these products are registered as medicinal products. Consequently, the composition of Chinese nasal sprays, their safety and effectiveness are highly questionable.

Homeopathic treatment for runny nose

Ready-made local homeopathic preparations for the treatment of runny nose are available only in the form of nasal sprays. They are used as an additional remedy for rhinitis and sinusitis, including chronic ones. Homeopathic intranasal sprays should be used with caution for allergic rhinitis - in this case, the body may be sensitive to one of the components of the drug, which will cause a worsening of the condition.

Both doctors and patients still argue about the effectiveness of homeopathic sprays, as well as any other homeopathic medicines. But while the controversy continues, many patients trust treatment with small doses and get real results.

Among homeopathic nasal remedies, the most famous are Euphorbium compositum sprays (German drug from Hel) and Delufen produced by Bittner, which can be used to treat children from one year of age and even younger.

Spray for sinusitis with cyclamen

Cyclamen nasal sprays are a recognized effective remedy for improving drainage in the sinuses. Cyclamen extract acts on the trigeminal nerve receptors, which are located in the area of ​​the middle nasal passage and reflexively increases the secretion of nasal mucus. The classic spray for sinusitis with cyclamen extract is Sinuforte, produced by the domestic company Invar.

Attention: children!

In conclusion, I would like to emphasize that nasal sprays are not recommended for the treatment of infants. This is due to the potential for the development of bronchospasm in response to a sudden and quite sharp entry of a stream of medicinal solution into the nasopharynx. Some manufacturers have found a “golden mean” and offered children under one year of age adapted sprays with a low spray force and the possibility of drip administration (for example, Salin). However, when spraying a small child's nose with spray, be careful and follow the instructions. Treat a runny nose safely, and let your whole family breathe deeply!

Source: https://gaimoriti.ru/medicamenty/sprei-dlya-nosa.html

How to choose a spray for a runny nose

It is also difficult to choose a spray for a runny nose because the disease is caused by various causes, and the treatment at different stages is different. Therefore, when choosing the best spray, you need to know specifically the cause of the disease and what symptom you need to fight.

The advantage of spray over drops

A new and convenient form of the drug - a spray for a runny nose - has a number of advantages over drops:

  1. Accurate medication consumption. It is not always possible to count the drops, so more often they enter the nose in large quantities, which predisposes to the development of side effects and drying of the nasal mucosa.
  2. In the spray, the medicine is in a finely dispersed state, which ensures its better penetration into the tissues; it does not leak out or flow down the back wall of the pharynx.
  3. It is more convenient to use in transport, at work.

The spray is not recommended for use in children under one year of age - there is a risk of developing laryngeal spasm, i.e. developing acute respiratory failure.


A runny nose, or rhinitis, is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa, most often developing during viral infections or after hypothermia in people with reduced immunity and suffering from chronic diseases. The virus damages the epithelium of the nose and thereby creates conditions for the development of a bacterial infection.

The second reason may be allergies. Allergic rhinitis can be seasonal, during the flowering period of plants, or year-round with an atypical reaction to household allergens.

How to treat a cold runny nose

There are 2 approaches - eliminating the cause of the disease and symptomatic treatment. An infectious, or cold, runny nose has 3 stages:

  1. The dry stage is when the nose is irritated and itchy. The patient constantly sneezes and does not perceive odors well. The duration of the stage is a maximum of two days, treatment consists of prescribing antiviral sprays into the nose.
  2. Stage of heavy liquid discharge. The patient has a severe runny nose, nasal congestion, conjunctivitis, tingling and dullness in the ears. The treatment is comprehensive and aimed at combating severe and unpleasant symptoms.
  3. Mucopurulent stage. There is an improvement in well-being, nasal congestion goes away, the sense of smell is restored, but due to the addition of bacterial flora, the snot becomes green or brown, becomes thick and viscous. Therefore, the main treatment drugs are antibacterial sprays.

Spray for the first stage

Antiviral sprays are used to treat the first signs of acute respiratory infection and prevent it. Most often, they contain interferons, which destroy viruses, block their reproduction and spread throughout the body. With their early use, it is possible to reverse the development of a runny nose, i.e., avoid illness.

List of antiviral nasal sprays:

  • Interferon;
  • Grippferon spray;
  • Laferon nasal;
  • Derinat. It can be used not only in the first days of illness, but also later. Derinat improves immunity and restores inflamed mucous membranes.

To dry the mucous membrane, wash out and cleanse the nose of copious liquid snot, you need to irrigate the nasal cavity with a spray of a weakly concentrated saline solution:

  • Salin (0.65%);
  • Rinolux (0.65%). These sprays are an inexpensive treatment option.

Vasoconstrictors should not be used during the dry stage of rhinitis; they only dry out the mucous membrane, causing discomfort to the patient, expressed in tingling and burning in the nose.

Spray for the second stage

The essence of treatment at this stage is to restore normal mucus production and prevent bacterial complications. The second stage is the most unpleasant due to the pronounced main symptoms of the disease.


The main way to combat a runny nose at this stage is vasoconstrictor nasal sprays. They reduce swelling, relieve congestion, and due to the drying effect, reduce the amount of liquid discharge, as a result the patient can breathe normally, sleep and lead an active lifestyle.

But the symptoms are relieved temporarily. To avoid drug-induced rhinitis, you can use vasoconstrictors for no more than 5 days in a row.

The most common vasoconstrictor sprays:

  • The best spray for runny noses for children and pregnant women is Nazol Kids. It contains phenylephrine, has a very gentle and short-lasting effect, which ensures safety for the delicate nasal mucosa of the child. Allowed from 2 years.
  • Containing oxymetazoline - Nazol, Afrin, Nozakar, Fazin. These drugs are more effective; their vasoconstrictor effect lasts throughout the day. Oxymetazoline spray is not used in children under 6 years of age.
  • Containing xylometazoline - Otrivin, Xylene, Galazolin, Farmazolin, etc. The action is similar to oxymetazoline, the effect is long-lasting. There are no age restrictions on the active substance.

To avoid undesirable consequences from long-term use of vasoconstrictor drugs, they can be replaced with astringent drops of 3% Protargol, 3% Collargol. They act similarly to vasoconstrictors, eliminate inflammation and congestion, and prevent the development of bacterial complications.

With liquid secretions, Protargol dries the nose and eliminates congestion; with thick secretions, it helps to quickly separate them from the walls of the nose and exit. Astringents are allowed from 2 years of age at a concentration of 1–2% depending on the age of the child.

Salt sprays

To eliminate nasal congestion, dry out the mucous membrane, and thin out thickened mucus by the 5th day of the disease, hypertonic saline sprays are more suitable:

  • Quicks;
  • Aquamaris;
  • Dolphin;
  • Humer is a good saline spray for children for runny noses.

Salt sprays based on sea and ocean water normalize salt metabolism and secretion production, destroy viruses and bacteria, increase local immunity and, due to hyperosmolarity, relieve swelling. To irrigate the nose, solutions need to be heated to a temperature of 31–33 degrees.

Spray for the purulent stage of the runny nose

Any pus in the nose should be treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. An antibiotic spray quickly eliminates pus and prevents the development of sinusitis and otitis media. But using it in the first days of a cold is pointless and even harmful - unjustified use of antibiotics leads to bacterial mutations and causes resistance.

Sprays for the treatment of bacterial rhinitis:

  • Isofra. The course of treatment is no more than a week, the drug is approved even for the treatment of small children.
  • Bioparox. It has a narrower list of sensitive bacteria and is approved for children over 2.5 years old.
  • Polydexa. Combined spray for the common cold, contains 2 antibiotics, a vasoconstrictor and a hormonal component. Spray for runny nose for children is allowed from 2.5 years.


At the first signs of illness, you can choose a homeopathic spray for a runny nose for treatment. They contain natural plant substances and minerals, so they are completely safe for children and pregnant women.

  • Delufen, relieves swelling, has a vasoconstrictor and moisturizing effect, eliminates unpleasant sensations in the nose;
  • Euphorbium;
  • Delufen;
  • Asinis;
  • EDAS.

The listed preparations consist of different substances, but have a general moisturizing effect. Their effectiveness has not been scientifically proven; it is impossible to say which one has an advantage over the others. A homeopathic remedy must be selected individually, but if it does not help, its repeated use will also not bring results.

How to treat allergic rhinitis

The first and mandatory measure in the treatment of allergic rhinitis is to avoid contact with the allergen. To treat allergic rhinitis, you need to use antihistamines and cromonium nasal sprays.

If they are ineffective or intolerable, in more severe cases nasal glucocorticosteroids are prescribed. In case of severe congestion, it is permissible to irrigate the nose with the above-mentioned vasoconstrictor drugs.

  1. Antihistamines. Eliminate itchy nose, runny nose, sneezing, eye symptoms, but have virtually no effect on nasal congestion.
    • Histimet;
    • Vibrocil, in the form of a spray, is allowed from 6 years of age, drops - from newborns;
    • Nazaval;
    • Azelastine;
    • Allergodil;
    • Levocabastine.

Antihistamine sprays are usually prescribed for the treatment of adults and children from 6 years of age.

  • Glucocorticosteroids. Highly effective sprays help within a few days from the start of use, the maximum effect can be achieved no earlier than a week.
    • Nazarel;
    • Beclomethasone (Beconase, Nasobek, Aldecin);
    • Budesonide;
    • Nazacort.

    Glucocorticosteroids are recommended for adults and children over 6 years of age; the safety of their use in young children has not been proven.

  • Cromons. Used to prevent allergic rhinitis, as well as at its first symptoms:
    • Cromohexal;
    • Cromoghlin;
    • Cromosol.
  • To rinse the nose, you need to choose hypotonic saline solutions:
    • Salin;
    • No-salt;
    • Otrivin baby.
  • Spray for a runny nose has a number of advantages over nasal drops. But if the runny nose is advanced or complicated by a bacterial infection, then the disease cannot be overcome with one spray - consultation with a doctor and his medicinal prescriptions cannot be avoided.

    • Sinusitis (32)
    • Nasal congestion (18)
    • Medicines (32)
    • Treatment (9)
    • Folk remedies (13)
    • Runny nose (41)
    • Other (18)
    • Rhinosinusitis (2)
    • Sinusitis (11)
    • Snot (26)
    • Frontit (4)

    Copyright © 2015 | AntiGaymorit.ru |When copying materials from the site, an active back link is required.

    Source: https://antigaimorit.ru/nasmork/sprej-ot-nasmorka.html